Ch15_16Essay.docx - Yui Fuchigami Chapter 15 and 16...

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Yui Fuchigami Chapter 15 and 16 Critical-Thinking Essay Questions Chapter 15 Your answers to these kinds of questions demonstrate an ability to comprehend and apply ideas discussed in this chapter. 1. Define and distinguish between life expectancy and life span. Also, identify factors that influence life expectancy. Answer: Life expectancy is a statistical measure. It measures the average time an organism is expected to live. Life span is the actual length of time the organism lives. Life expectancy is based on what year the organism is born, its current age, gender, and various demographic factors. Life expectancy can be influenced by socioeconomic status (education, employment, income, etc.), quality and access of the health system, and health behaviors (tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, etc.). Life span is how long an organism lived, or the average length of life of a kind of organism. So while life expectancy uses statistics and is always changing, life span is an actual number of how long the organism had lived. 2. Discuss the roles of exercise, nutrition, and weight in the health of elderly adults. Answer: Among elderly adults a balanced lifestyle is of importance to ensure the quality of lifestyle is improved. Nutrition is an important factor that would ensure an elderly adult nourishes the cells of the body. The body of an elderly adults is provided with energy due to a good nutrition. Exercises are an effective way to relieve pain mainly through the joints. Checking weight will ensure an elderly individual addresses the concerns of diseases such as diabetic. Too much fat in the body will lead to alternating sugar levels hence accelerating specific type of diabetes . 3. Identify and explain changes in memory in late adulthood. Answer: Changes in memory in late adulthood are common. Types of changes in memory during late adulthood includes loss of memory. An individual will not be able to recall incidences due to short memory lapse. During late adulthood the memory cells of an individual
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