Baedeker.Prague

Baedeker.Prague - l ., ‘ _ l D 1 i , , I , y , ....

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Unformatted text preview: l ., ‘ _ l D 1 i , , I , y , . ,PmrfijNths. “in _ PRAGUE.va ,. .. , . 4" ["91‘5,“ ; . ‘ 2m) Nam 4n. rmuun. Practical Notes. x“ . i l M “5% """””’"’* i 1' a ; - ’ ‘ Jenn qt: grampoflns r ‘1 , , as d', t’, and [I (see p. 289). The correct pronunciation of such words as r L} J ‘ 0!? 3 t i i ‘Vltm'a’, ‘trh’, and ‘vrch’, in which the l and r respectively are pro» j ,r" , . 0:29 ‘ a?“ ’ \L‘ '7 v1 ‘ longed, cannot easily be indicated visually and is best learnt by ear. —7 i i 4-073 14““) a 1% ‘ I? i “>33 ’1 ’ ‘, 'l‘he STRESS usually lies on the first syllable; words of more than two 7”" ‘ N ‘9‘ . ‘ ‘ l, syllables are accentuated on the first and the third (or fifth) syllable. ‘ l ; Amonlg the most important words for travellers are the following: , j hostincc, iotel; Testam‘wco, restaurant; polcoj, room; pastel, bed; sviéka . 7X141 — ‘ v » , ,, p i l candle; 011.672., firc; .iidetna, dining—room; vidh’éka, fork; 77,1173, knife; ,1 '7 .7 ,, , ,, ‘,,,, , , ,,,,,, 3.1.941. 12.214914», : slclenico, glass; Miter}, bottle; voda, water; vino, wine;13ivo, beer; Icriva, ‘ , , .. cofl'ce; mlo’kfo, milk; Chle'b, bread;~mdslo, butter; mesa, meat; .s‘zmka, , ‘ , , “aim” “Hf”, 7” 7/1,, .mmu ham; vejcra, eggs; sgj'r, cheese. ~»- Zeleznricc, railway; nddraéi, railwav (d‘m);'q‘5.’vl,7'i‘:: 'J],,,,,Jflr)g:l.i if,,,;i:1‘11/,;I:Jj,,,iy, ‘1 station; zooazmllo, luggage; echod, entrance; vychod, exit. — Mésto. 3 "I'm ,,;,;qu,;1131:,1,;1},5. —i«-~—i k“ ‘ i town; vesnice, village; tfida, street; ulicc, lane or narrow street; mi! 4 ‘, méstf, square; die/ml, house; paldc, palace; lcostel, Church; lCla'S’tér, eon- , , " H:...,,,n;:sza____::3:—~i_“£yfl , r Vent; postovm‘, vin‘ad, post office; telegrafm? m‘ad, telegraph office; di- ’ . WE “W "‘7'- 00” “’9. 30". 909 00: walla, theatre; [mo-drug, cafe; molerdv‘stmi, eonfectioner’s shop. ~— V722, ' ‘ ‘ ' 1 00806 ' I i, carriage; circa/ca, cab; [Cf/.71., horse; preemies doved’te 7mm do —-, guide, ,7, 1‘ 1' f " , take me to —; nosie, porter. ~ Costa, way, path; silm‘ce, highroad; most, a l, 1 bridge; zahrada, garden; strom, tree; les, wood; locha, meadow; hora, . a _ ‘ 1 ; m‘CIL, hill; fideli, valley ; pate/c, stream; 'f‘elca, river ; jezero, lake. ~~ Jim-o, y JDSWMUWL . : w . r; . r n if ~» WW 7777/ ‘ 3 j i ‘ morning; den, day ; poledne, noon ; cedar, evening; noc, night. —1-‘dn, Mr. : \Jmlml‘;SI ‘ E1 | ‘ or gentleman; pom, Mrs. or lady; muz', mau; dité, child. — Americkj'], “ , ‘ . - -. I. , - . » ' P m" 7 W l 1 ’ : American; rmglic/cy', English; ddnslcy', Danish; nor‘véésky’, Norwegian; .1 heals/Cg], Swedish; némeclcy’, German; polslcy’, Polish; uherslcgj, Hungarian. 1 —— Yeti/6,1}, large; nutty), small; eysokg, high; ntzkg}, low; blizkg, near; ; i H ‘ (li(blcl(Z/}, distant; (Mend, early; poedé, late; volm] (adverb pontam), slow, ‘ 3‘ 1 i slowly; Tychlg (adverb i‘ychle), quick, quickly; dobrgj, good; spawn], bad; 1 r pfitis drain/7, too dear; dole, below; maho'f’e, above; 1) levo, left; vprcwo, . right; pill, half; col/g), whole; (ferocity), red; (modm’), blue; MM, white; . . ‘ ,; ‘ dorm}, black; zelengj, green; seam], holy; zupoeézeny’, forbidden; jc, is; r 3 ‘ ‘3 amt, has; delczaii, thank you; prosfm, please. * Jedcn, one; dea, two; ‘ ‘ m, three; Iltyi'i, four; pet, five; §est, six; sod/Ht, seven; osm, eight; devét, nine; deset, ten; jedena’ct, eleven; doamict, twelve; pamdct, fifteen; (Zvacet, twenty; padesa't, fifty; sto, hundred; tisic, thousand. - Nedeklz, Sunday; pondéh’, Monday; dtery', Tuesday; strode, Wednesday; 3 r ,, dtm‘te'c, 'thursday- pdtelc, Frida ; sobovta, Saturda . _ , ,, Bibliography. ‘Bohemia aiid the Ueehs’, by S. Monroe (London, I .,1‘) 1910; 73. 601.); ‘Boliemia, a Historical Sketeh’ (revised edit. in ‘Every— man’s Library’, 1910; 13.) and ‘A History of Bohemian Literature’, both by (7019);], Lfitzo‘w; ‘Bohemia from the Earliest Times to 1620’, by Chas. E. Jlfam‘ice (London, 1896); ‘History of Bohemia’, by R. H. Vickors (Chicago, 1894); ‘Pictures from Bohemia’, by James Baker (London, 1896); ‘Grammar of the Bohemian or @0011 Language’, by IV. R. film-fill. )(é ' 0?}3‘ UJflI'I‘ZIJA lip/f ;.; " layman's»; ' ,mwmpml _‘ 1; 9,, r 43. Praguefi‘ v . _ , Plans. in the town the names of streets, etc., are inscribed in Czech only (see p. 289 and above). Our survey-plan gives the Czech names (namesti 2 square, trh = market-place; ti‘ida, silnice = street; ulice = lane), While the second plan, comprisng the quarters of the Old Town, the ‘Little ’l‘own’, and the Hradeany, bears the German names. , Railway Stations (cabs, see p. 291). 1. State Railway Station or r Stcmts».l}a-ImlLo/‘ (l’l. G,H, 4|]; entrance I-beernska Ulice, exit Havliekova Ulicc), for Dresden via Bodenbach (R. 44:), Vienna via Briinn (R. 50), and [chi- via Carlsbad (R. 4.6). — 2. Francis Joseph Station or Franz-Josephs- ,lmhnhof (Pl. H, 5), for Gmiind and Vienna (ll. 51), for Linz via Budweis, for I’ilscn and Furth (RAB), for Brfix and Moldau,for Reichenberg (R. 54.), v 7:721:sz "We" 113157703111? ' amuzmmq ' I") Virgo/11amin \ oracle); ’ i _ \leneqay‘ I :,1 a Y ; . a n , Laws at the 11$de (nae 1? as. Gees) f The water of Prague should not be drunkenless boiled. Copy Practical Notes. PRAGUE. 43- NUWIG- 291. for Georg‘swalde and Ebersbach (R. 53), and for Dresden via Véetat-Pf‘ivor. ~— 3. North West Station or Nordwest—Bahnhof (P1. H, 3), for the line to Vienna via Lissa and Zuaim (R. 52), and for Mittelwalde and Breslan , ,g (R. 55a). — Porter from the station to the cab 20h for each trunk. ‘ , ‘ Hotels (all with restaurants; no hotel-omnibuses meet the trains). *BLAUER STERN (P1. e; G, 4), corner of Na Prlkopé and Hybernska Ulicc, ¢ R. from 4, B. 11/2 K; Hé’J‘EL DE SAXE (P1. a; G, 4), Hybornska Uliee 2, l ' t R. from 3, 13.1 K, these two patronized by Germans; *SCHWARZES Ross , it 1 _ (P1. b; G, 4), Na Prlkopé 28, R. 3-6, D. 11/2-4 If; *ERZHERZOG STEPHAN i (P1. g; G, 5), Vaclavs’ké Namésti, R. from 3, D. 34') K; *PALACE HOTEL. “‘ I (Pl'. 1; G, 5), corner of Panska Ulice and Jindi‘isské Ulice, R. from 31].), , B. 11/2, D. 3 K, new; *CENTRAL (P1. 0; G, 4), Hybernska Ulioe, R. 3—5, B. , 1, D. 1‘/2-4 K: GOLDENE GANS, Vaclavske' Nalnésti (Pl. F, G, 5, G), R. , ‘ ‘ from 3, B. 1, D. 3 K, new; Hé'rEL DE PARIS (Pl. i; G, :1), Pai‘iiska Ulioe, l R. from 4, D. 4 K; GOLDNER ENGEL (P1. 11; F, 4.), Geletné. Ulioe 31; VICTORIA, cor. Jung'mannova Ulioe and Palacke’ho Ulice (P1. F, 6), R. ‘ from 21],, K,- ENGLISCHER Hon (Pl. [1; G, 4.), Poriéska Tilda 9; MONOPOL ; (P1. k; G, 4), opposite the ‘Staats—Bahnhof’, R. from 3 K; PARK HOTEL TER- } MINUS (hatel garni), Sadové. Tilda. 5 (Pl. G, H, 4, 5), R. from 3, B. 11/, K, new. , Restaurants (D. 123 p.m.) at all the hotels. Also Deutsches Hans, ‘ Na Pflkopé 26, D. 1 K 20 h and 2 K; Stadtpotrlc; Deutscher Theater- - Z Garten, at the New German Theatre (Pl. G, 6), in summer only; Zwei Amseln, Panska Ulice 4 (P1. F, G, 5); Platteis, Ferdinandova Tilda 37. entrance from the Uhelny Trh (Pl. F, 5); Goldenes Kreuzcl, chaznnka Ulioe 7 (P1. G, 5), with garden; Petzold, Radetzky Square 24V(Pl. C, D, 4.). Wine Rooms. Lippert, Na Prikopé 39; Mauder, Zelczné. Ulioc 11 (P1. F, 4, 5), near the German Theatre, these two also for ‘delicatesseu’; Bodega, cor. of Nekazanka Ulice and Na Prikope (P1. G, 5). Cafes. Continental, Na Prikopé 17 (Pl. F, G, 5); 001-30, Na Pfikopé 37; Central, Na Pfikopé 15; Frangais, Na Prikopé 39; “777612, Na Prikopé. cor. of Vaclavské Namésti (Pl. F, G, 5, 6); M'e‘trropole, cor. of Vaclavske' Namesti and Vodiékova Ulice; Edison, cor. of Na Pfikopé and Na Miistkn (Pl. F, 5); E/rzhe'rzog Stephan (see above). Pleasure Gardens (concerts in summer). *Royal Forest Park, son 1). 306; Bel'uedero P’rmnenades, see p. 306; Schz'ttze'n-Insel (Strelecky Ostrov; Pl. D, 5, 6); Pet/Fin or Hasonbm‘g, see p. 307. Cabs. Tariff for one-horse cabs for 1-3 11ers. and two-horse earr. (‘Fiaker’) for 11 pers. (at night, 10 p.111. to 6 a.n1., a fare and a half): —- ‘ finest-123531 ‘* 5 “.9112, ,Ralhéms , , : \ -\\\\‘.‘l‘\\ ‘,\‘,,,,,i.zlqerat0 : . 3 . .1"? ~I‘, ‘ I _ ILSlIlIC cab 11;. 3114:;- be . . tlll'fi _, G272¢¢€Lnlra A of‘vafifEPEfEXE Within the Old Town, New Town, Josephtown, 1»horse 2—horse v' - Lower Mala Strana, and the suburbs of Karlin, cab oah Smichov, Vinohrady, etc.: K h I" lb per V4 hour . . . . . . . . . . . . — 80 1 20 per ll? hour . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 20 2 We fl Each addit. 1], hr. (each 1[2111‘. for two—horse cabs) . —— 40 1 7~ Bridge-toll. . . . . . . . . . . . -. . . . — 10 a 20 i To the Upper Mala Stranu, Hradéany, Holesovice- Bubny, Ziikov, and to the Vyschrad (in addition to fares given above) . u 10 W 60 Ta or from the Railway sage-aw; (ill addition. to kreileJlii‘iho " (av/m, nam. _ ' fares given above) . . . . . . . . . . m 60 1 — A . 38%.”); Small articles of luggage free; each trunk 40 h . y a ’ -- a, ,0 ‘ L From the Old Town, New Town, or Josephtown to tho ‘ , ; of“ vying/C a, g, ui E], . Royal Forest Park, Belvedere, Bubeneé. Cisafskf’ ‘ , ' _ 5;. - " Mlyn,.l{o§ife (Clam's Garden), anle, Volsany, or I. I .5, uz‘irfé'cai Fig“. I 3; 1w, u, TVIrisoylgja . - ~ . ~ . - . - . . . . . . ~ ‘ . F “ F8.l£{)§it_‘l{li‘rrevstl u I - 0 VBZ d. . . ..' . . . . . . . . . . . . I: -* '* j _« p\ . ‘fyflz,~,,,,ré,§, 7,. ar; ,"sz .3, Return-fare or Wanting, each 1/4 hr. (each 1/9 hr. for , xx ° « - ,’ two—horse cabs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . —— 40 1 ~--» ,‘ R: % H,._‘_'§:Eu.rk_afiflfie Taximeter Motor Cabs. For 1-2 pers. 600 metres 1 K, each addit- ‘r ional 300 111. 20 h; at night (10-6) 300 m. 1 K, each additional 150 111. 20 h. Each trunk 40 71. From the railway—stations, theatres, etc., 40 71, extra. arm; . EL”... ’3'“ ‘~ Vrs vichMert. 4 ~ y—' i 0 1K 1 ; w. \"f’elv‘ w...- - _ _. '\vd%x'v§;i"i%g‘niu 'ul’fbuxu'fiVu uu’ uxuuh ixva dvnca‘vfl-M-v‘h» 292 1307th 43- PRAGUE, Practical Notes. SrnAnonns’ CIRCULAR Dnrvn. Daily at 9 mm. and 3 p.n1., starting from the Powder Tower (Pnlver-anm; P1. G, 4), 3111's., 4 K. Electric Tramways (12-30 h). The cars are marked with numbers, to which those in the following list correspond. Lines 1, 3, 5, & 11 touell the Na Prikopé. 1. From the Powder Tourer (Prasna Brana or Pulver- anm; Pl. G, 4-) Vizl the State Railway Station (Pl. G, H, 4) and Francis Joseph Station (PI. ll, 5, 6) to Vr§ovice (PI. K, 8); 21/2 M. (21 min.). — 2. From thc Czech Theatre (Nérodnl Divadlo; P1. E, 6) vifi. the Spalena Ulice (Pl. E, F, 6), Korunni Tilda (Pl. K, 7), Karlova Tilda. (Pl. l, 5), State Railway Station (P1. G, H, 4), Powder Tower (Pulver-anm; Pl. G,4), and Vclké Namcsti (P1. F, A) to the Czech Theatre (P1. E, 3); 51/2 M. (52 min.). —— 3. From the Ifrcllovslrra' Obora (Banlngarten; Pl. E, 1) via the Francis Joseph Bridge (Pl. G, 3). Nn, Pillropé (P1. F, G, 5), Bohemian Mnsenm (Pl. G, 3), and Havlfckova Tilda (P1. G, 7) to Vinohrady (Ko‘nig—iche VVcinherge; Pl. ll, 8); 31/2 M. (32 min) —— 4. From the Czech Theatre (Narodni Divndlo; P]. E, 6) via the Spalena Ulice (PI. E, F, 6) and the Vysehrnd Station (P1. E, F, 8) to Nusle (Jaromirova Ulice; Pl. F, G, 9); 2 M. (20 1nin.). — 5. From Vysol‘am/ (beyond P]. K, 3) via the North West Station (P1. H, 3), Na Prikopc (P1. F, G, 5), Emp. Francis Bridge (Pl. D, 5, G), and the Malostranské Nitmésti (Pl. 0, 4) to the Royal Palace (Hofhnrg; P1. 0, 4-); 01/2 M. (1 hr.). — 6. From the Bélslcého Trida (Pl. G, 1, 2) vi’rt the North West Station (P1. H, 3), State Railway Station (P1. G, H, 4), Vodickova Ulice (P1. F, G), Palacky Bridge (Pl. D. E, 7), and the Slnichov Station (P1. D, 9) to f'errend Zahrada (beyond P]: D, 9); 41/2 M. (38 min.). — 7. From the Krdlooslcd Obora (see above) via the Vltnvska Ulicc (P1. H-K, 2), Pod Lctnon (P1. E, F, 3), Ccch Bridge (Pl. E, 3), and the Miknlasska Tilda (Pl. F, 4) to the Vellcé Nduiesti (PI. F, 4); 31/2 M. (1/2 hr.). — 9. From the Ndhrasova Ulice (beyond Pl. K, 5) via the Francis Joseph Station (Pl. H, 5, 6), Viiclavské Namésti (Pl. F, G, 5, 6). Ferdinandova Ti‘lda, Emperor Francis Bridge (P1. D, 5, 6), Klnského Ti‘ida (P1. 0, 6, 7), and Sinlchov Station (Pl. D, 9) to the Slavo- java Ulice (beyond Pl. D, 9); 41/2 M. (42 min.). — 11. From StreS‘ovice (hcyond P1. A, 2) via the Nadrail v Brusce (Sandtor Station; P1. B, C, 2), Belcrcdiho Tilda (Pl. E, F, 2), Francis Joseph Bridge (Pl. G, 3), Na Pfikopé, and .lnngmaunova Tilda (Pl. 1, K, 6) to Stras‘nice; 61/2 M. (57 min) Cable Tramway in summer from Aujezd (Mala Strana.) to the top of the Petrin (p. 307; every 10 niin.; ascent 20, descent 12, there and back 24 h), and from the Francis Joseph Bridge to the Belvedere (p. 306; 6 h). Baths. Elisabeth-Bad (Pl. G, 3), Eliscina Ti‘ida 30; Ko‘nigs-Bad, Karoliny Svétlé Ulice 43 (Pl. E, 5). near the Charles Bridge; river—baths at Sophie’s Island (Pl. D, E, G), with warm baths and swimming school; Civil and Military Swimming School (Pl. E, 3, 4). Post & Telegraph Office (P1. G, 5), Jindrisska Ulice. — Pneu- matic Tube Service (red letter-boxes; 7 21.111. to 9 p.1n.), letter 35, post- card 25h. Theatres. German Theatre (Dcntschos Landes-Theatcr; P1. F, 5), Ovocny Trh; New German Theatre (Pl. G, 6), Town Park. — Bohemian National Theatre (P1. E, 0), on the Frantiskovo Nahfetl. Art Exhibitions in the Rudolhhinum (p. 297); four or five times a year in the Manes Union (Pl. 0, 6). British Consul, (am. A. ll/mitioorth Forbes, Jungmannova Tilda 59 (Pl. F, 5, G). ~ United States Consul, Joserh I. Brittain, Marianska Ulice 53 (P1. G, H, 6, 5); vice-consul, Arnold Weissborger. Anglican Church Service in St. Martin’s Church, Martinska Ulice (00° the Na Perstvne; Pl. E, 5), from Oct. 15th to June 15th. Strangers’ Enquiry Office, .losefské Nzimésti 8 (‘Society for Encouraging,r the Visits of Foreigners’). Collections and Objects of Interest. Ilelvpdere (p. 306), see Royal Palace. Cathedral (p. 304), open for visitors on week-days 9.30-7.30 (in winter 9.30 to A), on Sun, 12-3 and 4-7.30. The verger who shows visitors PRAGUE. 43. Route. 293 round the cathedral receives 30 h (or in the hours when the church is closed 60 h), in return for which he furnishes a good printed guide. Jewish Burial Ground (p. 299), adm. daily 8-6 (except Sat. and the high Jewish festivals) by ticket (40 h). Loretta Church (p. 305), treasury open daily in summer 8-4; in winter ' on application the day before at the adjoining Capuchin convent. Modern Gallery of the Kingdom of Bohemia (p. 307). open free 011 week- days, exeept Mon., 10-3 or 10-4, Sun. and holidays 9-6 or 10-3. Museum, Bohemian (p. 299), adm. on Sun. 9—1, 30 h; on week-days 10-4., 1 K (Wed. & Sat. free). Museum, Czech d’c Slavonic Ethnographical (p. 307), open daily, except Mon., 8-12 (1 K) and 2-6 (free). Museum of Industrial Art (p. 298), open free on week-days, except Mon., 10-1 & 3-5, Sun. and holidays 10-3. The library is open from Tues. to Sat. 10-12, and also on Wed. and Sat. 5-8. flleseum, Municipal (p. 301), open free on Sun. 9-12, Tues., Wed., and Frid. 2-6 (Winter 2-4); on Sat. 2-6 (2-4.) 40 h; at other times 1-4 pers. 2 K. Museum, Ndprstelc’s Bohemian Industrial (p. 297), open in summer on Sun. and holidays 9—12 (20 h), on week-days in the forenoon 1 pers. 2 K, for several persons 1 K each. Nostitz Palace (p. 303); paintings, in summer only, on application; fee. Old Town Hall (p. 296), open on week-days 9-6, Sun. and holidays 9-12 - 40 lb. .RoydfPalace (p. 303), adm. in snmnler daily 11-1 & 4-6 (Oct. to end of May 4-5) by tickets (40 h, incl. the Belvedere), which are issued at the office of the Schlosshauptmann or Major Dome; open free May 15-17th and Sept. 27-29th. Rudolphinum (p. 297), picture-gallery and engravings; open free daily, except Mon., 9-1. Strahov Gallery (p. 306), open on Week-days 10.30 to 11.30; library open in summer only, 10-1145 a.m. Synagogue (p. 299), open daily, except Sat. and high Jewish festivals, 8—12 & 1-7. University Library (p. 296), open 011 week-days 9-1 & 3-8; for visitors, week-days, 11-1. Waldstein Palace (p. 302), adm. on application to the castellan (in the first court, to the right); fee. Chief Attractions (11/2-2 days). lst Day. Forenoon, Powder Tower (p. 295), Old Town Square (p. 295), Rudolphinum (p. 297), Jewish Burial Ground (p. 299), and Synagogue (p. 299); afternoon, Petrin (p. 307) or Royal Forest Park (p. 306). —— 2nd Day. Forenoon, Charles Bridge (p. 301), Strahov (p. 306; best by carriage), Hradéany (p. 303), Beloedore (p. 306), and Waldstein Palace (p. 302). Excursion to Karlstein, see pp. 331, 332. Prague (6153 ft), Czech Praha, capital of the kingdom of Bo- hemia, the headquarters of the 8th Army Corps, and residence of a prince-archbishop and an imperial governor, lies in a broad basin on the Moldau (Vltava). Its educational institutions include Czech and German universities (3800 and 1300 students respec— tively) and German and Czech technical colleges. Its numerous towers and baroque palaces, the broad river With its handsome bridges, and the heights on the left bank crowned by the venerable Hradéany combine to form a singularly attractive picture, the in— terest of which is enhanced by its historical associations. The city, including the suburbs of Karlin (Karolinental), Ziélcov, Vino- hrady (Weinberge), Vrsov'icc, and Smichov, has ca. 600,000 inhab. of whom 6 per cent are Germans. The garrison amounts to more Situation. 294-. ROW” 43> PRAGUE. History. than 8100 men. The tOWn is divided into eight districts. On the right bank of the Moldau are the Stare 11163150 (Old Town or Alt— stadt; District I); Josefoe (Josephtown or Josephstadt; V); the .Nové Mésio (New Town or Nenstadt; II), encircling the Altstadt; the Vysehrad (VI); and Libc’l‘t (Lichen; VIII). On the left bank are the IlIald. Strcmo (Little Town or Kleinseite; III), in the valley and on the slopes of the Hradéany and Peti‘in; the high-lying IIrad- dang (Hradschiu; IV), with the royal palace and the cathedral; and IIoles‘oviee-Bubny (Holescliowitz~Bub11a; VII). The chief industrial quarters are Holesovice-Bubuy, Lihefi, Smichov, and Karlin, which 'eontain numerous breweries, mills, iron—foundries, and manufac— tories of textile goods and machinery. HISTORY. The foundation of Prague is ascribed to Libussa, the legendary first Duchess of Bohemia (8th cent.). Towards the close of the 11th cent. a German colony was established in the Old Town, which was much fostered by Ottocm' II. (1253—78) and other princes. E17147. Chm-— 163 IV, to whom are due most of the important medimval buildings of the city, raised Prague to the rank of an arehbishoPric (1344) and founded the university (1348; the earliest in the German empire). This prince, who had been educated in France, also summoned several French, Ital- ian, and German artists to Prague, including Peter Parlor, the Sculptor and architect, and the painters’Nicholas Wurmser and Meister Dietrich or Theodoric. The so-ealled ‘Male1'«Zeclie’, dating from 1348, is the old- est art school in Germany. Charles’s successor, Wenceslaus IV. (1378— 1419), at the instigation of John Kass, tried to limit the privileges of foreign students at the university, whereupon (1409) many professors and ca. 2000 German students secedcd and founded the University of Leipzig and others. I11 1419 began the Hussite wars, which brought much evil to the city in their train. Ferdinand]. (made King of Bohemia in 1526) erected the beautiful Belvedere (p. 306). His grandson Rudolph II. (15764612) lived at the Hradéany, absorbed in his collections of art (comp. pp. 59, 65) and in his natural history and astrological studies, in which he was assisted by Tycho Brahe (p. 295) and Johann Kepler. Rudolph was succeeded by his brother Matthias (1612-19), under whom culminated the religious disputes which led to the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War (comp. p. 304). The battle of the White Hill (p. 307) decided the fate of the rising of the Bohemian Protestants. The invading Sax- ons were quickly repelled by Wallenstein (1631). In 1648 the Swedes ‘ captured the Little Town and were about to attack the Old Town, when news was brought that peace had been declared. Thanks to the wealth of its clergy and neblesse Prague now became one of the chief seats of the development of BAROQUE Aivr. In church—building the Je- suits lcd the way. In the sphere of secular architecture the imposing palace of Wallenstein (p. 302) may he nlentioned as a harbinger of the new style. Towards the end of the 17th cent. and in the 18th cent. German architects began to hold their own with the Italians. Among these were J. B. Fischer von Ei'lach (pp. 23, 296) and the Franconian family of .I)ientzenho/’er, the most distinguished member of which was Kilian Igna- tius (1690-1752), a pupil of Fischer (pp. 296, 300, 302). In the “Tar of the Austrian Succession Prague was captured by tile Bavarians, Saxons, and French in 1741 and by the Prnssians in 174.4, In the Seven Years’ WVar 'it was bombarded by the Prussians for two‘ weeks in 1757, but was relieved through the defeat of Frederick the Great at Koliu. Under Joseph Il. the city was united under one magistraey (17811). The Peace of Prague (Aug. 23rd, 1861:) put an end to the struggle between Prussia and Austria for the hegemony of Germany. 7 Comp. ‘The Story of Prague", by Count Li'itzoui, in the ‘Mcdimval Town Series’ (London, 1907). lflalilmrkw ‘, ' -u' p ‘ V“ n my Lobhf’wim-IW'I‘ ‘ , ,' Trimz . ‘ Jusuph'S‘ ‘ Kaiser! Hurmberz: ; 5 ,3 r ' _ Ausrichtsflf‘rgv' L Er” {r fii-L‘I‘nééphs; 4‘ V g'ymllfmdschmer : (r Sglmnrmrn' Sflmsutm « a \ _ TU \ I I -_ ‘7 n 1 \ LIfllflft‘m’f \ ,‘38urg .” , w n n D7;1JL§S}.’iIZIIa}n‘v, - “: Msénbfiii'g V‘. ’ sniper)? 5435251 I? "fili‘ui' Tn?- mr , , ‘ . (swmoflmi "‘ M1; 1- 2 '. ,Sflm‘e L ‘”“’,si 6131mm] J a "jug,- -¢7r’u,fi/q»1-.G- ' . '_ M‘stfri'aag w n “P a nViucL‘gma'fir o u ‘ 4-“ n 4' °(‘ 5‘ e u no a ‘ “a 7‘ o n a PD c a n71 5 U1. _ cJ‘emr, a) -: “a a a H A1 'fle‘zflrr A £33391: “0- ‘ 7 r, i '1 ' P A 1:20.300 a nun 2no_#:_«gn Mm $09 "00 8L _A B __._. Sbamerzbalmap Fla-Plum Georgina Ln jT-fi'z'n‘lw, Gasxrz, Pub-Palar!’ ', swam: ‘ ' 33‘1qu 1 A 3722’, I a... a. Awe]: ’l'y'n Ulmrelt. PRAGUE, 43.1:oulo. 295 a. Quarters on the Right Bank of the Moldau. The NA Piu’Koria or Graben (Pl. F, G, 4, 5), formerly the moat, is now the busiest street in the town, containing attractive shops, a few large banks, and many popular cafes. The Palm's Sylva— Tarouca, on the E. side of the street (No. 12), was built by Dientzenhofer in 1738 et seq.; it is now city—property. At its NE. end, between the Hybernska Ulice and the Celetna Ulice (see below), rises the late—Gothic Powder Tower or Prasnd Brana (Pulver- Turm; Pl. G, 4), erected as a gate-tower in 1475 et seq. (on the model of the Old Town Bridge Tower, p. 302) and restored in 1883 (key at the town—hall). Opposite the Powder Tower (N.) is the new domed building of the City Council. We now follow the Celetna Ulice and enter the OLD Town (Allstadt). In the Fruit Market (Ovocny Trh), which diverges to the left, is the German Theatre (Pl. F, 5; p. 292). To the N. 01' this, at No. 11 Zelezua Ulice, is the Carolinum (Pl. F, 4, 5), the university since 1383, and still used by the faculties of law and philosophy (German and Czech). On the side next the market is a ‘ fine Gothic oriel window. John Huss (p. 294) held his ‘disputa- tions’ in the hall where degrees are conferred. The Celetna Ulice ends at the quaint VELKE NAMhsri or Old Town Square (Pl. F, 4),'which has arcades on the S. and E. sides. In the centre rises a Column of the Virgin, erectcd in 1650, from the designs of J. G. Pendel, to commemorate the liberation of Prague from the Swedes in 1648. On the E. side of the square stands the — Tin Church (Tcyn/clrche’), the old church of the Hussites, be- gun in 1370 by German merchants (sacristan, in the arcades N0. 18, to the left, where also is the entrance of the church). It is a Gothic basilica, without transepts. The *Fagade, partly concealed by houses, with its two pointed towers (260 ft. high; each crowned by four graceful turrets), and the high—pitched roof Were added in 1460 in the time of George Podiebrad, who was crowned King of Bohemia here in 1458. He caused the facade to be adorned with a large gilded chalice (an emblem of the Hussite doctrine that the communion should be administered in both kinds), and with a statue of himself; but after the battle of the White Hill (p. 307) the chalice was superseded by an image of the Virgin. The fine round-arched N. doorway has scenes from the Passion in its pedi— 1uent (14th cent.) In the interior, on the fourth pillar on the right, is the tombstone, in red marble, of the celebrated Danish astronomer Tycho Brake (d. 1601), who was invited to Prague in 1599. On the high—altar is an Assumption by Charles S/creta. In the chapel. to the left of the choir is a Gothic Crucifixion from the triumphal arch (1439?); in the Lady Chapel, to the right of the high-altar, is a Gothic font, in pewter, dating from 1414. 296 RUM“ 43‘ PRAGUE. 0ch Town Hall. The Kinsley Palace, adjoining the Tyn Church on the N was built in the baroque style for Count Golz by Kilian Dientzenhofer and Anselm Luragho. It now houses a German high school. The Old Town Hall (Altes Rathaus), on the W. side of the Cld Town Square (adm., see p. 293), was erected by Jos. Bergmann in 1838—48 in a modern, Gothic style on the site of an older build- ing, of which the picturesque projecting chapel (1381), the great tower of 1474, the S. side (with its fine portal), and the old council- chamber still exist. The old clock on the 8. side of the tower With moving figures of the Apostles and a crowing cock, dates froni 1490. The statues (by J. Mace) on the balcony of the second floor represent four rulers to whom Prague is indebted. In the S. wing are the new Council Chamber, adorned with two paintings by Bro- éilc (Huss before the Council of Constance, and Election of George Podiebrad), the old Council Chamber, with fine wood~carvings and the Chapel. The N. wing contains the municipal Archives: To the E. of the Tyn Church is the Tons/cg Dmir or Teynhof (cntr. in the Tyuska Ulice), with a Renaissance facade and court (1560). Farther to the E. is St. James’s Church or the St. Jalcobs- Kirche (Pl. F, 4), in the N. aisle of which is the monument of Chancellor Wratislaw von Mitrowitz, designed by Fischer von Er- lach and executed by Brokoll‘ in 1716. In the Male Namésti, a little to the W. of the town—hall is a fountain with an iron railng of 1560. Adjacent, at the corlier of the Hnsova Tilda and the Marianské Namésti, is the handsome *Palace of Count Clam-Gallas (Pl. E, 4, 5), erected in 1707—12 by Fischer von Erlach. The portal and the Hercules Fountain (in the first court) are by 111. Braun. Farther on, in the Karlova 01100, on the right, is the Clementinum (Pl. E, 4, 5), an exten- sive block of buildings in the baroque style, erected by the Jesuits in 1653—1726 and consisting of several churches and chapels, three gateways, and four towers. It now comprises the theological and phllosophical faculties of the German and Czech universities, the Archaeological Institute (with plaster casts), the archiepiscopal semlnary, the University Library (see below). an observatory etc. The Saloator Church, 011 the W. side, built by the Jesuits in 1,578- 1601, has a porch added by C. Luragho in 1659. The first court conntalns a statue (by E. ZVIam) of a student of Prague, erected in 1864 to commemorate the participation of the students in the de- fence of the town against the Swedes in 1648. The University Library (adm see ' ' r ' v t ‘ , . . p. 293) contains 370 000 rintel ‘chlg. and 3920 M88. Among theimost notable of the latitcr fro thb y chlad Gospels (11th cent.), the Passionale of the Dominican Colda (written by Canon Bencssius ca. 1312 . d r -' ,7 .- - Lesson Book (ca. 1374; Czech)- )’ W Thomas Hm sum} 8 Clmfitmn Between the Clementinum and the Moldan is the .lVIonastery the Bohemzan Order of the Cross or Kreuzherrenstift (Pl. E, 4) l leolphwinmn. PRAGUE, <18. Route 297 with a church erected by Carlo Luragho in 1679-88. — Near by, in front of the Charles Bridge, is the bronze Statue of Charles IV, designed by E. Hahnel and erected in 1848 on the 500th anniver- sary of the foundation of the University. Beyond the Old Town Mlle or Allstadter Mahlen (Pl. E, 5) and an anciert Water Tower, said to date from the time of Ladis- lane 11., is the FRAM'IsKovo leanit or Francis Quay (Pl. E, 5), leading to the Emp. Francis Bridge (p. 301). In the middle of the quay stands the ll/Ionument of Francis 1., a Gothic fountain de- signed by Jos. Kranner (1845), with a bronze equestrian figure of the emperor and allegorical statues in sandstone by Jos. Max. ~ In the Betlemska Ulice, a little to the E., is the IIoly Rood Chapel, a small circular Romanesque edifice. To the E. of the Francis Monument, in the Betlemské Namesti (II. E, 5), once stood the house of John Huss (now No. 7) and the chapel in which he preached. — At No.1 is Na’prstelc’s Bohemian Industrial llIuseum, established by a Bohemian patriot who spent many years in the United States and became an enthusiast for American ideas and in- stitutions (adm., see p. 293). Below the Charles Bridge is the Nlnfinii KORUNNiHo PRINCE RUDOLFA 01' Crown Prince Rudolf Quay (Pl. E, 4), on the right bank, on which stand the old Academy of Art (now used by the law faculty of the Bohemian University) and the Rudolphinum. The ‘Chain FootBridge’ (tell 2 h) crosses the river to Little Town (p.301). The Rudolphinum (Pl. E, 4) was erected in 1884 from designs by Zite/c and Schulz. The S. wing contains the Conservatory of Music and two concert-rooms; the N. wing contains the exhibitions of the Art Union and (on the first floor) the picture-gallery of the Bohemian Dilettanti. Adm, see p. 293; entrance from the side next the Moldau. Catalogues of the pictures (1889; 1 K 60 h, with 30 photographs 4 If) and engravings (1885; 20 h). Picture Gallery. ROOM I (ante—room): Sculptures, including a re- lief of the Madonna by Andrea della Robbia. — To the right is — ROOM 11 (Old German and Dutch schools). On the rig-ht: 687. School of Theodoric of Prague, Votive picture of Archbishop Oéko of Wlasim. — 222-224. Geertgen tot Sint Jans, Winged altar in three sections; *230. Jan Gossaert, surnamed Mabuse, St. Luke painting the Virgin (the so- ealled ‘Prague Dombild’; on the wings St. John in Patinos and Mar- tyrdom of St. John. by M. Comic); 462. Master of the Death of Maryfi), Adoration of the Magi (on the wings the family of the donor). — 379. Hans Holbein the Younger, Portrait of Lady Vaux (original at Hampton Court); *27. Hans Baldung G'rien, Martyrdom of St. Dorothea (1516). ROOM III (corner-room): Bohemian pictures of the 14-16th centuries. ROOM IV (to the right of It. II; Italian and later Dutch and Ger- man schools). To the left, 486. P. flforanda, snrnamed C'a'cazzola, Por- trait. -—No number, Frans Hols, *Portrait of Jasper Schade van Westrnm; G. Don, Girl on a balcony; Gerard Terburg, Man and wife. — 452. Frans Luycx, Octavio Piccolomini; no number, Rubens, Vision of St. Augustine (from St. Thomas’s Church; 1638); no number, Rubens, *Martyrdom of St. Thomas (from St. Thomas’s Church; 1639); J. G. C‘uyp, Portrait of a. lady (1636); 468. Fr. Millet, Large Italian landscape. . ROOM V (adjoining R. III; divided into eight CABINETS, a-h): 70. 208 [male I’ltA (i U E. zl/Hsezlm, of Industrial 11.”. Diericlcfiouts, Entoinhinent; 120—123. 1’. ,Brueg/hel the Elder, .118, 110. J’. liq-Irw/hel the Yuma/er, Adoration of the Magi, Winter-sports; Rubens, 585. Small Annunciation, 586. Sketch of the Expulsion froni I’aradise for the Jesuits’ Church at Antwerp. ~— 559. P. Potter, Guard- room (1631); 501. I). Ryeh‘am't III., A refreshing draught (1638). — 227. Luca Giordano, Lucretia; 721. Ilr’attean, Returning home by torch—light (a sketch). —— 203. A. van Everdingen, Norwegian landscape; no number, N. can Raj/selan (.9), Landscape; 358, 359. C. de Heem, Fruit; 660. Frans Snydersfl), Still—life. ——- 233. A. Gonbau, Camp-scene; 375. Jan van den .IIoech‘e, Philemon and Baucis; .A. van der Neer, 493. Skittle-alley, *494. Moonlight-scene; .163. Gabr. Metsn, Fish—wife; *225. A. de Golder, 'Vertuninns and Pomona; 706. IV. van de Velde the Younger, Sea—piece. 737. Phil. Wozwerman, Horses; *666. Jan Steen, Serenade; 169. C’uyp, Landscape with cattle; 190. G. van den Eeclchont, Rebecca and Eleazor at the well. — *200. A. .Elshoime’r, Temple on a lake. ROOM VI (corner-room; masters of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th cent., chiefly Austrian): 95. Joh. 0hr. Brand, View of the Da- nube. —~ ROOM VII (Bohemian masters of the 17-18th ecnt.): Charles .S'lcreta, Pom-as Brandt, IV. L. Rainer. — ROOM VIII. To the left, 236, J. B. Grenze, Young girl; no number, Karl ll’z'lrbs, The Rathaus of the Altstadt; 210. _l7'z'ihrich, Madonna with saints and angels. ROOMS IX—XVI: Modei‘ii pictures, German, French, ete.: C'om‘bet, Defreggei‘, anre, Lenbach, Gabriel Maw, Segantini, Thoma, Troyon. In Room XII (Iiiie view of the Hradéany) are pictures by Bohemian and German artists of the mth century. From Cabinet a. of Room V a flight of steps leads to the CABINET or ENGRAVINGS, where specimens of masters of all schools are exposed to View. Adjacent is the HOLLARIL‘UM, devoted to 457 plates exclusively by IVenzel or Vaclai: ,Hollar, a native of Prague (b. 1607). Hollar spent a large part of his life in England, where he became royal designer to Charles II. He died in London in 1677. There is a large collection of his prints in Windsor Castle. Behind. the Rudolphinum (to the E.) is the Museum of In- dustrial Art (Kunstgewerbe-filuseum ; Pl. E, 4), erected by J03. Schulz in 1899. In the eiitresol are a library and rooms for tem— porary exhibitions, while the two upper floors are devoted to the iii- dlisti'ial-art collections. Adm, see p. 293. ‘Guide’ 2 If. GROUND FLOOR. At the foot of the steps are statues in sandstone (Venus and Cupid, Mercury) by Matthias Brawn (d. 1738). Finsr FLOOR. —— Room I (Votive Room). Small bronze horse by Adl‘. de 'Vries (1610) and a hronze fountain—group, Venus and Ainor, by B. qurzelbauer (1599). — Room II (to the left). Ceramics. Majolica, German stoneware, Delft ware, porcelain. Also three fine tile—stoves. ~~ Room III. Antique, Persian, and Spanish glass; fine Venetian and Bohemian glass. w Room. IV. Goldsmith’s work, enamel, seals, leaden reliefs, clocks, and medals. — Room V (to the right of R. I). Works in wrought—iron (railings, eofi'ernnounts, elaborately decorated locks, keys, etc.) and bronze (Italian Renaissance door-knocker); other works in pewter, brass, copper, and lead; fire’arms. ——Room. VI. Ecclesiastical \voodcn sculptures, small works in ivory, wood, stone, and mother-of— pearl. —— Room VI]. Cabinets, coffers, and carved wooden panels. SnooNn Fooon. w Boom VIII (ou the right). Prints, old book— covcrs, leather bindings. rm Room 1X (adjacent). Embroideries, fans. »»~ The remaining rooms contain the extensive Lanna Collection: 1200 pieces of glass, chiefly Venetian and Bohemian; ceramics, sniall sculp— tures, and works in metal. Landscapes: To the E. ol’ the ltndolpliiuuiu lies Jessen'rows, the former Jewish Quarter, now almost completely occupied by handsome new /.’ , )7 ’. ( ( Bohemian. Mitsemn. J3RAGUE, 1.2. Route 3),) buildings. By following. the Josei’ska Ulice, to the S. of tlfiefllllldfil‘s- trial Art Museum, and then turning to the left, we reac [He iI-I hiiiska Ulice. On the right side of this street, to the N. o 8 10f: c Jewish Town Hall, restored in the baroqnevstyle in 164. ,ha 501- the Swedish siege, stands the Staronova. Skola(Altnegs§ a Pl. E 4), the oldest synagogue in Prague, an iinpi‘etentious e} i ccéecr builtlin the early-Gothic style after the burning of the .IeWis iqnai li— in 1338 (adm., see p. 293). The large flag suspended from t e ing in the interior was presented by Ferdinand III, in iecogni ion of the bravery of the Jews during the above-mentioned mags... ‘h‘ A few paces to the W., at the end of a blind alley to e iig d, is the entrance to the characteristic old *Jew1inBur11aI Grgg; (Beth-Khayim, «Le. House of Life; Pl. E, 4), Idisusm sincet ff Tickets of admission (seep. 293) are obtained in the adJaeeii 0 1c. of the Hebrew Burial Fraternity founded in 1564. ' ' ' ' tions stand 0 HIOSS—C'l'OWll stones, bearing Hebrew iiiscrip , , ‘ hereAuliiOduei'lfhgoelder—trges, packed close together, becausc,bow1ng132112? exi uit of space, the interments had to be made one aatovetlaé latest. Theg ()l( est dated tomb is thit of Rabpi Abilgddorwliitailrotégslydmagbl peculiar dates from 1787. Many of t cm are urnis e i I 'k the i ' ' ' d: thus a pitcher mar s ‘ to the tribe to which the deceased belonge , I, v the descendants 0k " " t 70 hands in the posture of blessing ‘ a XdilgnffaLbiiiichllof grapes the house of Isrzigeii ngsdaicfigllliafigzsapeii which lions are chiselled marks the grave o. a ) ‘ f dc. niradeSF " ‘ ' d his powei 0 onig 1 Low ((1. 1609), famed for his learning an I. h T r) Karpelgs ' " hn (cock) Hiisc (sag, Family names, such as Low (lion), Ha V , ‘ 3 t fi mes. The ' ' lso indicated by appropiia e g _ (carp), and Fisehl (fish), aie a 1 e d there accordlng to ' ' . '1 1 on the graves have been p a e , ‘ v _ :lilcallejvllzrlleillgioill, by relagtives of the deceased as a token of legaid. ‘ Old Town on the E. and 8., lies the I‘lnw Town (Nefidfdblllg. “The S.W. end of the Na Pfikgpé (p. 295) is a§1011131fl on the left by the VACLAvsnit NAiiiisri or hit. lVenceslczfis gitutzh‘: (Pl. r, e, 5,‘6), 65 yds. in width and 74.0 yds. mieng 1 M i1; upper end rises the Bohemian Museum (Pl. 9, 6)t,hei_cet.e.rim', 1885-90 by Schulz, and handsomely fitted up in .e in . Adm, see p. 293; ‘gnide’ 1 K 20 h. From the entrance we proceed straight to the staircase, by “lllCll we %‘12ber. In the centre is the Pantheon, an iénpoglilnlgmlilil; destined for festivals, occupying two stories and embeltlishe ()FviBOhemiELn lmsts wall—paintings, and eight lifeSize bronze sta nelstq Inwnabulay worth’ies by Schwanthaler (1840). —ROOM I (r.). 13001111116 .é) .With cel- aiid old IVISS. In Case 7 is the Mater Verborum (13‘; Aceiieéths of PM. chrated miniatures; in Case 15 is the Orationale o2.5 iifiuitographs of dubitz’ firSt AlIihtJEShOII gl'lfgiagig2ll1‘C:::)b002l:fbuni with autograph ' " 0 er o 12 , , ' ) onu’Sl‘syiclijoallgi-ihe (p. 295); Case 53, Works. of Coineiii5I15s, (gaofiullilltfintgiafif Gustavus Adolphus, \Vallenstein, and Tilly; Case thg Willi are old tyris Vita a MS. with miniatures (17th cent.). Out 8 etc ROOMS views of Ilrague. ROOM II. Coins, medals, seals, s ampR, OMS. VII-X- IV-VI (to the left of R. I). Prehistoric Collectlop. 0 In R VII Historical, Archaeological, and Ethnographical (101100 ions. . , 300 17301014! 43. PRAGUE. two old Bohemian druggist’s sho ' . L _ ps (17th & 18th cent. ~ . ' uqu in the Hussite twain, fire-arms, musical instrunie’nils1 RarXiIddiisfigihsl (178%?) estggjassfi 1p:')ti1olicfiat,t gory-carvings, mitrc of St. Eligii’is, dating from . , . . . is e up as a Bohemian R. X as aMora ' S‘l ' Peasant’s room. RooMs XI—XVII cent-tin the’N t < l I ' Vlan- 1 95mm R. XI (adm. for botanists onlv). Herbhria R a, um iIStO'ry (101180th118. ensign—fivng Mineralogical Collection. 'XH' Bommmmoumm' con oor. Continuation of the Natural Hist ‘7 O ' (Iijgpflzuld-exrlgl. th((3}ie(liloglg'ietal 1Jiltntl111a]aeontologieal Colleegilohis.01%??an It ' ; ‘ as, 0 ic e t of the entrance a‘ t t - itil‘chflJCOl oeks of Bohemia (Cases 1—3 & 64-66) and of the lSGIuh'ilhiiig fzfl‘lflléli‘: ons ( ases 4-0;». In R. 11 (‘Stcriibergcum’) are fossil plants and verte- brata of the coal-feriiiatiOiis. -~ R - ' ' (in R. IX, Fauna of Jjollemia) OOMS IX XVII. Zoological Collection Visehrad. To the NE. of the museum below th " ' ' L ' ' , .e hian01s Jose h Stati fies: 'Ij'owntfalirk. the Sadova Trida, skirting thepE. sideoiif ar (, is ' e ew erman Theatre Pl. ’ ' 7 by Fellner & Helnier. ( G, 6), bunt m 188‘ f. 10 therS. the Mezibranska Ulice and the Sokolska Trida lead Iifom St. Yeneeslaus Square to the *Karlov Church (Kartshof- Pirchepll. (x, 8), an octagonal Gothic edifice erected by Peter [drier 111.1351-77. The interior was modernized in 1720 by {titan Dientzenhofer. The dome (diameter 741/2 ft.), with its superb star-vaulting ranks anion the most b ' ‘ ‘ of medimval builders; g rilliant achievements The Vysehrad (Pl. E, F 9' trainwa N cupying the site of the castle oflLibussa (p. 2,94)0'f§i~mps 31:2)8 2i:— tremity of Prague. Fortifications occupy the top of the hill (fine view from the N. bastion). The circular Romanesque St. Martin’s Chapel (12th cent.) and the collegiate church of St. Peter and St'. Paul preserved hcrc'are relics of an earlier period. The latter o‘i'igiually 'R'omanesque (ca. 1080), was transformed into a late: (70tth baSilica in the 15th cent.; the towers were added in 1903. On the left side of the Vyseliradskti Ti‘ida is the Benedictine Monasrnnr on EMMAUS (Pl. E, 7, 8), of the time of Charles IV. With the Church of St. Illary-the Virgin, a Gothic structurd (1348—72), restored in 1880. On the walls bf the cloisters is a series of frescoes (parallel scenes from the Old and New Testaments after the'fashion of the so-called Biblia Paupcruin), which though much spelled by repeated retouching, are the chief memorial of the old Prague school of painting. — To the E. of the convent is the Church of St. John Nepomuc of the Roe/c built by K I Dientzcnlioier in 1703 and approached by two flights of steps. I I (I lhc V'ysehradskti Ti‘ida runs into the KARLOVO NAMESTi or lihartes[Square (Pl. F, 6, 7), the largest ‘square’ in Prague, 580 yds. .o‘ng and 165 yds. broad, embellished with tasteful grounds and Wltll‘lllmllllllellts to Benedict ltoczt, the botanist (on the S.) and the cheli poet Vitézstav Hate/c (1835-74). 0n the W. side 0T the square is the Czech .l’otg/tcchm'c School. At the N. end is the PltAG UE. Criminal Court (Straf-Gericht; Pl. F, 6), in the former Town Hall of the New Town (p. 294), which was, however, so altered in 1806 that of the original structure only a single tower (begun in 1451) remains. The S. facade, however, has recently been re- stored to its original appearance. 0n the E. of .the Karlovo Naméstl lie the lecture-rooms and institutes of the Medical Faculty of both universities, various Hospitals, etc. a in the Stépanska Ulice is the Gothic church of St. Stephen (Pl. F, 6, 7), erected in 1351-67; in the modernized interior is a late-Gothic font (1462) From the Karlovo Nainésti the Jungmannova Trida leads N. to the Church of Our Lady of the Snows (P1. F, 5), built about 1347. The large high-altar dates from 1625. In front of the church is a sitting bronze statue of the Czech philologist Jos. Jungmann (1773-1847), by L. Schimek (1878). The wide FERDINANDOVA TRiDA, or Ferdinand Street, the con— tinuation of the Ovocna Ulice (which comes from the Na Prikopé; p. 295), leads hence past the Police Office (on the right) and the Convent of the Ursnline Nuns (on the left; Pl. E, 6) to the Moldau. At the end of the street, on the right (No. 7), is the building of the Bohemian Savings Bank, by Ullmann (1861); on the left is the Bohemian National Theatre, in the Renaissance style. The Emperor Francis Bridge (Pl. D, 5, 6; toll 2 h), rebuilt C'l'iartcs Bridge. 43. Route. 301 in 1900, here crosses via the Stielecky Ostrov or Schi'itzen-Insel (p. 291) to the Little Town (see below). —— Francis Quay, see p.297. From the Josefské Na’mésti (Pl. G, 4), which adjoins the Na I’iikopé (p. 295) 011 the N.E., the Eliséina Ti‘ida leads N. to the Francis Joseph Bridge (Pl. G, 8; tell 2 h), while the Na I-‘oi'ioi runs E. to the ATorth West Station (p. 290) and t0 the small Poric' Par/c (Pl. H, 4) containing a War fl/Ionument (by J. Max) for 1848 and 1849. The interesting lilanicipal D/Iuseum (P1. 11, 4; adm, see p. 293), on the S. side of the park, contains objects of industrial art, furniture, ecclesiastical antiquities (first floor), early printed works, views ofPrague, medals, weapons, armour, and guild—insignia (second floor). b. Quarters on the left bank of the Moldau (Mala Strana. or Little Town). Tramways Nos. 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, & 11 (see p. 292). The chief means of access to the Little Town or Kleinscite is afforded by the *Charles Bridge (PIE, D, 4, 5),‘a bridge with 16 arches, 550 yds. in length, begun by Peter Parler (p. 304) in 1357 and completed under Wenceslaus IV. (1378-1419). The ap— proaches t0 the bridge are protected by two stately Gothic towers, 302 “OM/‘6’ 'lv’L ‘ l’ltAGlil'), St. .Virfhoidx. restored in 1874-79. The ‘K‘Otd Town Bridge Tower, on the right bank, is the finest in thc city. On the left bank (Mala Strana) are a tower from the period of Charles IV. and a smaller one, a relic of the old Judith Bridge. The Old Town Bridge Tower is adorned on the E. side With the armorial bearings of the lands once united with the crown of Bohemia, statues of Emp. Charles 1V. and his son Wenceslaus 1V., and figures of SS. Sigismund, Veit, and Adalhert. The buttresses of the bridge are adorned with a bronze crucifix by Jon. Huger (L306) and with twenty-eight Summons and (incurs of saints, some of them in the baroque style of the early 18th cent., others modern (by Joe. and Em. Marc). The bronze statue of St. John Nepomuc, the patron-saint of Bohemia (p. 337), in the middle of the bridge, was ex- ecuted after the design of Johann Brokofl in 1683 at Nuremberg. A .slab of marble with a cross on the right arapet of the bridge, between the 6th and 7th pillars, marks the spot w crc the saint is said to have been flung from the bridge in 1383 by order of Wenceslaus IV., for refusing to betray what the empress had confided to him in the confes- sional. Since 1720, when the holy man was canonized, the bridge has been visited annually by thousands of pilgrims, especially on May 16th. -—« 0n the left bank, 011 the Kampa Island, is a renovated Gothic Roland Column. From the W. end of the Charles Bridge the Ulice k Mostu leads to the MALosrnANSKn NAMiisri (Pl. 0, 4), with the bronze Radetzhy Monument, erected in 1858 from designs by Em. and .Tos. Max. The marshal stands 011 a shield borne by eight soldiers. The former Jesuit church of *St. Nicholas (Pl. C, 4), in the middle of the square, begun in 1673 by the Jesuits, continued by Christoph Dientzenhofcr (17 04-22), and completed by Kilian Dicntzenhofcr in 1752, is richly decorated in the interior. It has a fine dome and vault-paintings by Graher. H Opposite, on the N. side of the square, at the corner of the Snemovni Ulice, are the Government Offices; on the W. side is the Office of the Com— mandant. A little to the N. of the Government Offices is the Building of the Bohemian. Diet. From the NE. angle of the Malostranské Namésti the 'l‘omziéska Ulice‘ leads to the Gothic St. ill/icinas’s Church, rebuilt in the 14th cent. and containing the tomb of Elizabeth Joanna l/Veston. the Latin poctess (b. at London in 1582). Farther on is the Vald- stynské Namesti, in which, to the right, is Count Waldstein’s Palace (Pl. D, 4; adm., see p. 293), erected in 1623-30 by Gio— vanni filarini of Milan (?) for Albrecht von Wallenstein, the famous general of the ’l‘hirty Years’ War, and still belonging to the family. At the back are a large garden, a *Loggia with stucco work by Bartolomeo Bianco(?), a former bathing-grotto, and an old riding—hall l’or knightly sports, with an old portrait and the horse (stufl’cd) which Wallenstein rode at the battle of Liitzen. 0n the first floor are the line audience—chamber and the chapel (with a few paintings). In the Valdstynskzi Uliee, which leads to the Fed Bruskou 5,. . unmatii-‘W, -.-. EA. «a... M 4.4-; v J‘ . ‘4 szuuv . . ._ m-..” Vfl,.._._...,._.... M Royal Palace. PRAGUE. 43- ROute- 303 (p. 306), is the Palace ofPrince Forstcnberg (No.12, on the left; Pl. D, 3, 4), with a beautiful terraced garden. In the Malte‘zské Namésti, not far from the Ulice k Mostu (p. 302), is the Palace of Count Nostitz (D 5 on plan at p. 295), containing about 300 pictures. Adm., see p. 293; illustrated cata— logue by P. Bergner (1905; 2 K 40 h). Among t11e,,,.best works are: Rembrandt, *Rabbi (1634); Rubens, *Generai Spinola, in full armour; 163. Ravesteyn (ascribed to Pourbns), Man and Woman; 48. G. Mostacrt, Market; N. Knttpfe-r, Diana’s bath; 278. Nic. None/Late], Girl; *160. J. van Rut/salad. Forest—scene (an early work); 275. G. Don, Savant; 171. A. can Dye/c, St. Bruno (early work); 215. Verspronclc, Portrait; Ncuchatcl, Woman and child; 212. D. Teniers, Rustic tavern. From the NW. angle of the Malostranské Namésti (p. 302) two routes lead to the Hradcany: the shorter leads N. through the Zamecka Ulice, and then to the left by the Schody Zztmecké (205 steps) to the court; the longer and easier (10 min.) leads W. through the Nerudova Ulice, passing the Palace of Count JVIorzin (1.; 1670), with Atlantes on the facade by F. M. Brokofi‘ (1714)7 and the Palace of Count Than (r.; Pl. C, 4), with a baroque doorway by Matth. Braun, and then ascends to the right. The nucleus of the Hradéany (Hradschin; Pl. B, C, 4, 3) is formed by the Hradcanshé Namésti or Hradéauy Square, a quadrangle bounded on the N. by the Archiepiscopal Palace (re- built in 1764), on the S. by the Palace of Prince Schwarzen- Iwrg (with sgrafitto decoration; ca. 1550) and by a Carmelita Nunnery, and on the W. by a palace of Emp. Francis Joseph (formerly the Toseana Palace). In the middle rises a Column 0f the Virgin (1725). The extensive buildings of the Royal Palace (Hofburg; Pl. C, 4) occupy the E. side of the square. The oldest part, burned down in 1303, was restored after 1333 for Charles IV. by the French architect Matthias 0f Arras (d. 1352). Other building operations were carried on under Ladislaus H. (from the plans of Benedict Ricth), Lewis oanngary, and Ferdinand 1., who entrusted the restoration of the castle after the fire of 1541 to Bonifaz W'ohlmut. Some parts also date from the times of Rudolph II. and Matthias; the latter employed Vincenzo Scamozzi of Vicentino as his architect in 1614. The final enlargement of the palace, which contains over 700 rooms, was carried out under Maria. Theresa in 1756-74, by Anselm I/uragho and other architects, working from plans by lVic. Pacassi. From the forecourt we proceed straight on to the main portal (by Scamozzi) and pass through the archway (whence a flight of steps on the right ascends to the royal apartments) to the first court. Admission-tickets for the Royal Palace are obtained here in the Schlosshanptmannschaft, to the left (see p. 293). Farther on, iiAEDEKnn’s Austria—Hungary. 11th Edit. 20 Cathedral. 304 130MB 43- PRAGUE. to the right of the chapel, we pass through another archway into the second court, to the left in which rises the cathedral. To the right is the entrance to the S. Wng of the palace (ring). "The most interesting room in the palace is *Ladtslaus’3_Hall,.Oi‘ the Hall of Homage, constructed in 1484-1502 by B. RzetlL,VW1tll a. rich late-Gothic ceiling. Behind this is the Gothic Landrechts-btabe (1563), occupied by the Bohemian Diet untilI18117. The old Statthalterm was the scene (May 23rd, 1618) of the bitter controversy between Count Thuru, at the head of the Protestant Estates, and the Imperial Coun- cillors (Statthaltcr), which ended in Martinitz and Slawata, the two most hated of the Statthalter, being thrown out of the Window. This act of violence, known as the ‘Defenestration of Prague’, was. the immediate occasion of the Thirty Years’ War. A cross under the window commem- orates the event. — The N. part of the palace, adjoming the first court, contains two fine apartments, restored in 1783 and 1865-68: the German Room (formerly the art-room of Rudolph II.) and the large Spanish Room, built by Horatio Fontana de Brussato in 1601. The small and interesting equestrian Statue of St. George, 'a fountain-figure in the second court, was cast in bronze by Martin and Georg von Klauscuburg in 1373; the horse was restored 111 1562. [There is a cast of this statue in South Kensington Museum] The “Cathedral (Pl. C, 41-; adm., see p. 292), the Jlletropolitan Church ofSt. Vitus (St. Gay), occupies the site of a small circular building, begun in 935 by St. Weneeslaus, Duke of Bohemia, The present edifice was begun in 1844. under Charles IV. by Matt/mas of Arras, Who drew his inspiration from the cathedral of Narbonue. The spacious Gothic choir, lel't unfinished at his death, was com- pleted by Peter Parlor of Schwabisch-Gmfind in 1356—85 in an elaborate German-Gothic style. The nave was begun in 1392, but after the Hussite wars building was discontinued. The choir was restored by Bonifaz l/Vohlmut after the fire of 1541. In 1867 the task of completing the cathedral (still in progress) Was resumed, under the superintendence of J03. Kraimer (d. 1871), Jos. Meeker (d. 1899), and Kamlllo Hilbert. The *Cnoru, on the triforiuin-gallery of which are 21 mutilated por- trait-busts of the 14th cent., has two aisles and is surrounded by an ambulatory and two series of chapels (entr. from the Oratorium on the S. side; 1). 30:3). In the centre, Within a fine Renaissance railing by Jory Schmidtimmmer, rises the large *MONUMENT or :I'lIE EMPEROR?! executed in marble by Alex. Celine of Maliiies (p. 185) in Innsbruck iii 15370-78, under Rudolph Il., and erected over the hereditary(burial-pjlaee ol the Bohemian monarchs. Beneath it repose Charles IV. (d._la78), Wenccslaus IV. (d. 1419), Ladislaus I’osthumus ((1,1458), George Podiebrad (d. 1471), Ferdinand I. (d. 1.361), Maxniiiliaii II. ((1. 1576), Rudolph I]. (d. 1812), and several queens and princesses.’ The recumbent figures on the top are Ferdiuaiid I. (1556-64.; centre), his Wife Anna ((1. 1547), and Maximilian II. (15611—76). CHOIR Cnarniis. The *‘Wen-eet 0r lvli’enceslaus Chapel, the first on the right, contains the monument of the sainted duke of that naine, who was murdered by his brother at Alt-Bunzlau in 935. The chapel, built in 1347—67, is inlaid with Bohemian semi—precious stones and decorated \v1th half—ob- literated frescoes, the lower row of which (scenes from the Passmn) are by Meister Oswald of Prague (1373). The poorer frescoes above (16th cent.) depict the legend of St. Wenccslans. The candelabruiu With the statue Cathedral. PRAGUE. of St. Wenceslaus is by Hans Vischer of Nuremberg (1532). ——— The Crown Chamber (no admission), above the VVeuceslaus Chapel, has con- tained the Bohemian regalia since 1625 (comp. p. 332). — On the first pillar, opposite the chapel, is the baroque monument of Field-Marshal Schlick (d. 1723), by M. Brauu. The St. Andreas or Martinitz Chapel, adjoining the VVenceslaus Chapel, contains the monument of the imperial statthalter Jaroslav V011 Martiiiitz (d. 1649; see p. 301). In the Chapel of the Holy Rood (Ki-enz- kapelle), on the left wall, hangs a painting of 1369 (in the middle is the Head of Christ on the napkin, revered as a ‘vera icon’; the six patron saints of Bohemia are on the margin). The Royal Oratortam is an elaborate late—Gothic structure by Benedict Rleth (1493), with bold vaulting. In the CHOIR AMBULATORY, to the left, is the silver tomb of St. John of Nepomuc executed in 1736 at Vienna from Fischer’s designs. — 0p- posite, 0n the altar of the Chapel of St. Ada heart or St. Jolm of Napo— mac, are silver busts of SS. Ad lbert, Weneeslaus, Vitus, and Cyrillus (1699). — In the Retiquary or Saxon Chapel are the Gothic tombs of Ottocar I. and II. ((1. 1230 & 1278) by Peter Barter. ~ The Lady Chapel contains the monuments of the Dukes Bretislav I. (d. 1055) and Spitih— niew II. ((1. 1061), probably frem'the workshop of Peter Parlor. 0p- posite, at the back of the high-altar, is the tomb of St. Vitus, with a statue by J. lilacs (1810). —-— In the Chapel of St. John the Baptist are the tombs of Duke Brctislav II. ((1. 1100) and Bofivoj II. ((1. 1124) and a candelabruin dating partly from the 12th cent. (foot) and partly from 16:11 (upper part).- —— Below the Archiepiscopal Chapel is the burial—vault of the arclioisliops of Prague. Opposite is a kneeling bronze figure of Prince~Bishop von Schwarzenberg (d. 1885), by Hlyslbe/c (190-1). — Oppo- site St. Anna’s Chapel is a. wooden relief by G. Bendel (ca. 1630), re- presenting the flight of Frederick V. through Prague in 1620 (see p. 307). Above the Sacristy is the l‘nsssuar, containing a Book of the Gospels of the 9th cent., a reliquary of 1266, a cross presented to Charles IV. by Pope Urban V., and other objects of value. Tickets (1 K) obtained in the Sacristy. Behind the cathedral, in St. George’s Square or the Svatojirské Naniésti, is the Romanesque CHURCH on ST. GEORGE, founded in 912 and rebuilt after a fire in 1142-50, with a side-door in the Renaissance style. In the interior are frescoes of the 13th and 14th cent., and the tomb of St. Ludmilla (d. 927), restored in the 15th century. The building is, however, under restoration and closed to visitors. — To the right is the Theresa Home, an institution for spinsters of noble family, adjoining the Gothic Church of All Saints. The balcony commands an admirable view (fee 40 h). At the end of the Jirska Ulice, a gate adjoining the Black Tower and the Daltbor/ca Tower (Pl. D, 3; fee 40 It) leads to the Bastien, another good point of View. Adjacent is the Palace ()f'Prz'nee Lab/cowitz. The Stare Zamee/cé Schody (98 steps) descends hence to the Pod Brnskou (p. 306). From the Hradcauy Square the Loretanska Ulice leads S.W. to Lonnrro SQUARE or the Loretans/ce’ Alaméstt, in which rise the extensive Francis Joseph Barracks, formerly Count Czernin’s Palace (Pl. A, 4). Opposite is the Church of Loretta, in the court of which is an imitation of the celebrated Casa Santa of 20* 43. Route. 305 306 130MB 43- PRAGUE. Belvederc. Loretto. The treasury (adm., see p. 293) contains several mon- strauees of the 17th cent., the most curious of which is in the form of rays, said to be set with 6580 precious stones. From l’ohorelec Square, on the S.W., a flight of steps at No. 8 leads to Srnnnov SQUARE or the St-rahovs/cé Nadvo'ft'. Here to the right, on the highest site in the town, stands the Premon- stratensian Abbey of Strahov (Pl. A, 11, 5; adm., see p. 293), founded in 1140, but dating in its present form mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries. We enter by Portal No. 1, opposite the just-mentioned flight of steps. I’appenheiin, the Imperial general who fell at Liitzen in .1632, is buried in the Cnurzon on THE ASSUMPTION. ~ The chief work in the PICTURE GALLERY (ladies not admitted) is a *Virgin and Child crowned by angels (the so-called Festival of the Rosary or ‘Rosenkranzfest’), painted by Driver in 1506 for the German merchants of Venice, and con- taining portraits of the painter himself, one of his German friends in Venice, anp. Maximilian, I’ope Julius II., and several Venetians (freely retouched). — The LIBRARY (door to the right of the church; first floor; ring), with fully 100,000 vols. (10611 incunabnla) and 1700 MSS., contains autographs of Tycho Brahe, etc. The main room, with a ceiling-painting by A. I“. Maulpertsch (1794), contains some beautiful cabinets from the old abbey of Bruck, ncar Znaim. -— Superb *View, from the monastery garden, of Prague and its environs. ' Returning to the Royal Palace we keep to the N. from the first court, crossing the Jeleni Ulice and following the U Praéného Mostu. We then proceed to the right, between the Royal Garden (no admission) and the Cadet School, to the *Belvedere (Pl. 0, 3; ad1u., see p. 292), an imposing villa in the Italian Renaissance style, erected in 1536—52 for Emp. Ferdinand I. by Paolo della Stella, a pupil of Jacopo Sansovino. The upper story was completed by Bani/2w l/Vohlmut in 1558. The colonnade on the groundfloor is decorated with a frieze of foliage and mythological reliefs; the old decorations of the great hall, which under Rudolf II. served for a collection of minerals, have been replaced by mediocre'fres- eoes from the history of Bohemia, after cartoons by 0hr. Ruben (d. 1875). *View from the balcony. From the Belvedcre we may descend-through the Chotelr: Pro- meaades (Pl. 1), 3) and by the Ohotkova Silnice to the Pod Brus- kou, with the Institute for the Blind (Pl. D, 3), in which are fine frescoes by Jos. von Fiihrich. "We then cross the chain—bridge (p. 297), or keep to the right through the Luriicka Ulice to the Charles Bridge (p. 301). ' To the 13., on the steep bank of the Moldau, are the *Crown Prince Rudolf or Belvedere Promenades (Pl. E, F, 3), command- ing picturesque views (restaurant). A cable—tramway runs hence in 11/, min. to the Francis Joseph Bridge (see p. 292). To the N. of thePi-omenadcs is the "“Stromovka or Kralovska Obora (Royal Forest Park or Baumgarten; Pl. E, 1), a fine public park, with a chateau (sinnmer-residenee of the governor) and Patron. , PRAGUE. 4-3- Route- 307 restaurant (military concerts). Tramway from St. Wenceslaus Square via the Na Piikopé in 18 min. (No. 3, p. 292; also No. 7). In the Stromovka, 0n the Exhibition Grounds, stands the MODERN GALLERY OF THE KINGDOM OF BOHEMIA (Pl. G, 1), estab- lished by Emp. Francis Joseph I. in 1902 (entr. on the W. side; adm., see p. 293). It contains works by German and Czech artists, Bohemian either by birth or residence. Illus. catalogue (1907) 1 K. GERMAN SECTION. E. Ameseder, Moonlight; E. Hegehbart, Game heaters; F'r. Jr'iger. Scenes in N. Bohemia; K. Kratmer, Judas; Gabriel Mace, Judas; Fr. Illetzner, The earth; Fr. Rmnpler, Nymph; Fr. Thiefe, Lady in green. Also drawings and sketches by E. Brb‘mse, Fr. Hemin- bart, R. Jettmar, E. Orh’lc, and others. —— Oznon SECTION. V. Breath, Por- trait of a lady; A. C'htttust, Landscapes; F. Jenewein, The plague, Judas; J08. Manes, Life at a countryvhouse (a series of' paintings);' L. Jmtrold, A poor excuse; H. Schwatger,’Street in Bruges; St. Sacharda, Prague“ M. S‘vabtn-sky, Camelias; J. Uprlca, Ave Maria; F. Zeniselc, Robbers disturbed. The *Peti‘l’n (Ifasenbm‘g; Pl. 0, 5), above the Aujezd (Ujezd), to the N.W.; is the finest point of View. A cable—tramway (p. 292) ascends in 3 min. to the upper terminus (985 ft.; 335 ft. above the lower terminus), 3 min. walk above which is the Petfin View Tower (open till 8 p.1n.; 300 steps; ascent 40 h, lift 1 K), on St. Lawrence Hill. The upper gallery (1260 ft. above the sea- level) commands a superb *Survey of Prague and the valley of the Moldau and over the greater part of Bohemia to the Giant hits, the mountains on the Moravian frontier, the Bohemian Forest, the Erzgebirge, and the Saxon Switzerland. The summits of the central Bohemian range are especially conspicuous. About 3 min. below the upper station is the Hasenburg Restaurant, with a view-terrace. Above the Aujezd also is the Kins/6y Garden (Pl. 0, 6; rfrnts.), formerly the property of Count Kinsky, which affords another charming view of Prague. The villa now accommodates the Czech cf: Slavonic Ethnographtcal illaseum (adm., see p. 293). On the groundfloor are embroideries and interiors of peasants’ rooms (to the left) and models of peasant-houses and furniture (to the right); on the first floor, costumes, embroideries, and pottery. On the White Hill (Weisser Berg; 1245 it), 31/2 M. to the W. of the Strahovské Naméstf (Pl. A, 4; not worth an excursion), the Maria Vic- toria Church commemorates the battle of Nov. 8th, 1620, by which the fate of Protestantism in Bohemia was decided. The Bohemians under their ‘Winter King’, Frederick V. of the Palatinate, the king of their own election and son—in»laW of James I. of England, had thrown up en- trenchments on the White Hill, but the attacks of Maximilian of Ba- varia, chlef of the Roman Catholic League, with his army of Bavarians and imperial troops, were so irresistible that Frederick and his party were speedily routed, and the battle won in less than an hour. — On the NW. slope of the White Hill the Hvézda (Star Castle or Stern-Schless), a large and massive structure, erected in 1555 in the form of a star, ' rises in the midst of the woods. It was originally aroyal chateau, and, afterwards a powder-magazine, and was restored in 1875 (fine stucco ornamentation). Adm. daily 11-1 and 15 (20 71.; tickets at the ranger’s house). It is situated at the end of a park which derives its name 'of - 3mm“. .(dx..a.—u........; w"... . 308 HUMU ~14- RAUDNITZ. From Prague .S'Itern-Ticrgarten from this building, and is a favourite resort of the citizens (1/2 M. from st?t Liboc, p. 317). A stone here commemorates the capture of Prague by Frederick the Great in 1744. On May 6th, 1757, Marshal Seltzcerin, Frederick the Great’s favourite general, fell at the battle of Prague. Two monuments mark the s 0t where he was mortally wounded, near the village of gtérbohol 41/2 M. to the E. of Prague and 11/2 M. from the station of Hostivai'kp. 347). S'rnAMnu to Stochovic, 4 hrs. there, 21/2 hrs. back (pier below the Palacky Bridge; l’l. D, E, 7). Kfinmsaal, on the left bank of the Moldau an old and rlch Cistereiau monastery, erected by King Wenceslaus II, in 12834305 and destroyed by the Hussites in 1420, is now the castle of Prince Oettingcn and has a fine park. To the S. of S‘téchovic are the St. John Rapids. 44. From Prague to Dresden. 119 M. RAILWAY (Staatsbalm) in 4—61/2 hrs. fares 15.jl 30 6 .ll 5 pf; express fares 19 .jl 20 pf., 12 .16, 7 .145 60 pf.). Finest9 on the right. —~ STEAMDOAT in summer five times daily from Aussiq to Izl‘esden in .5-7 hrs, (fares 4 K 85, 3 K 30 h; express-steamer 6 K 7t) 72.) This part of the trip is preferable by water. The steamer starts at Leit: meritz (p. 348; thence to Lohositz 1/2 hr., from Lobositz to Aussig 21/2 hrs.). Prague, sec p. 290. The trains start from the 'State Railway Station. The Zia/ca Hill soon rises to the right. The line is carried over Karlie, the Jerusalem Island, the [Jets Island, several arms of the Moldau, and the main stream itself by a vast viaduct of 87 arches, 1450 yds. long. 3 M. Bubcutsclz (Bubcnee), with villas. We enter the narrow Winding valley of the 1Woldaa. — 41/2 M. Podbaba, at the mouth of the valley of the SclLar/ra; 71/2 M. Rostolc, a village amidst fruit—trees. The isolated Georgsbcrg or Ripberq (1505 ft.), with its white chapel, ca. 3 M. to the SE. of Raudnitz (see below), is leng conspicuous to the left, rising over the Moldau hills. _7 On the right is the ruin of C/Lwaférub. — 161/2 M. Kral'ap (Rail. Restaurant), with factories and railwayshops. Branch-lines diverge here for (171/2 M.) Kladno (p. 317) and (101/2 M.) Neratovic (p. 352). ~— Thc train skirts the Moldau, passing through a tunnel and along several galleries. 181/2 M. Mithlltausen, with a chateau of Prince Lohkowitz. Farther on is a wide plain, where the train leaves the river. — 201/2 M. Weltrus, with a chateau and park of Count Chotek. The Georgsberg (see above) is seen to the left, the Geltschbcrg (p. 348) ahead; to the right, in the distance, lies Mclnik (p. 349). 30 M. Untcr—Bcrv'lcowitz. The train approaches the Elbe, 3 M. below its confluence with the Moldau. — 411/2 M. Ifaadnitz (575 ft.; Post), a town with 9256 inhab. and the castellatcd Schloss of Prince Lobkowitz, prettily situated on the left bank of the Elbe. In 1350 .lola di Ricuzi (or Rienzo), ‘the last of the tribunes’, was confined ‘in the castle for a year by Emp. Charles IV. A branch-line runs to (221/,2 M.) Zlom'tz (p. 317). t0 Dresden. LOBOSITZ. {14-13010156- 309 Just short of (481/2 ‘M.) Theresienstadt (Rail. Restaurant) we cross the Eger and enter German-speaking territory. The once- fortified town (Erzherzog Karl ,‘ Deutsches Haas Restaurant) lies 11/2 M. to the N., near the confluence of the Eger and the Elbe. — Farther on we have a view of the picturesque basaltic cones of the Mittel-Gebirge. To the right, on the Elbe, lies Leitmeritz (p. 348). 53 M. Lobositz (500 ft.; Germania; Schwa/rzes Ross, R. 11/2-31/4 K; Dampfschlfl'Restaurant, on the Elbe), a manufactur- ing town (5076 inhab.) With a chateau of Prince Schwarzenberg, was the scene of the first battle in the Seven Years’ War, in which, on Oct. lst, 1756, Frederick the Great and the Duke of Brun— swick defeated the Austrians under Marshal Brown. FROM Louosrrz ’I‘O REICHENBERG, 671/2 M., railway in 3-4 hrs. ——— The train crosses the Elbe by a bridge 365 yds. long. 21/2 M. Czalositz (560 ft.), the junction of a spur-line to (11/,L M.) Ciernosek (p. 348). — 5 M. Leitmeritz (595 ft.; Rail. Restaurant), see p. 348. —— 13 M. Liebe- schitz (920 ft.; Goldene Sechs). From Trnobraud, 3/4 M. to the N., a path, with blue and yellow marks, leads through wood to (1 hr.) the top of the Geltsehberg (p. 348). — 151/2 M. Aascha (785 ft.; Rail. Restau- rant), the junction of a local line to (12 M.) Gross-Priesen (see p. 348). —— The train ascends to (201/2 M.) Bleiswedel (1205 ft.) and then descends again to (211/2 M.) Graher (935 ft.; Rathaus). To the right rises the Ron- berg (1808 ft.), with a ruined castle. — 261/2 M. Neagarten (910 ft.; Rail. Restaurant). To the right is Count Kauuitz’s chateau of Neuschloss. To the left, beyond the Karba Viaduct (80ft. high), lies the Hiillen~ grund (p. 353). — 301/2 M. B6huzisch-Lcipa‘(815 ft.), see p. 353. — 351/2 M. Reichstadt (880 ft.; Habsburg), with a large imperial chateau from which the son of Napoleon I. took his title of Duke of Reichstadt, though, as a matter of fact, he never visited the place. — 40 M. Niemes (940 ft.; Rail. Restaurant; Schwarzes Ross), with a chateau of Count Hartig. The - Roll (1270 ft.), 41/2 M. to the N.E., bears a ruined castle. —— 481/2 M. Deutsch-Gabel (1045 ft.; Rail. Restaurant; Habsburg, at the rail. station), with 2460 inhab. and a domed church (St. Lawrence), is the junction of a branch-line to (13 M.) Rohrsdorf (p. 353). —— 501/2 M. Lamberg—Markcrs- dorf. To the right is Schloss L'a‘mberg, the property of Count Clam- Gallas. To the left the Lusatian Mts. come into view. The train ascends the Jeschlcen-Gebtrge and penetrates its crest by a tunnel beyond (58 M.) Kriesdorf (1635 ft.). It then traverses a viaduct 95 ft. high. ~ 59 M. Nculand. Both before and after (601/2 M.) C'hv‘istofsgrancl we pass through two tunnels. At (62 M.) Karlswald we come in sight of the Iser-Gebirge. w 671/2 M. Reiehcnrbe’rg, see p. FROM Locosrrz T0 LAUN, 211/2 M., railway in 21/4 hrs. ~ From (3 M.) 'I‘scltischkozcitz a branch-line runs to (23 M.) Obm'nltz, via. (3 M.) Treb- m'tz (Deutsches Hans), whence a marked path (brown and yellow) leads to (3/4 hr.) the small ruin of Kostial (1600ft.). — 211/2 M. Lazm. (p. 317). From Lobositz to Teplitz via Boreslau (Milleschauer), see p. 316. At Lobositz begins the picturesque valley of the Elbe, flanked by high rocky walls. On the right bank are the village of CZernosek (p. 348) and the Hradelc (880 ft.), with its ehapel. —— 601/2 M. Salesel (Merauer Hot), prettily situated at the foot of a cliff, nearly opposite Sebusein (p. 348). Near Aussig, to the left, rises the Werlmtsch, a. basaltic rock with columnar stratification; to the right is the picturesque Schreckenstein (p. 310). ...
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