1 Origins of the International State System

1 Origins of the International State System - The Origins...

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The Origins of the International State System Lecture 1 (August 28, 2006)
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The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) Issues at Stake in the War: Religion: Protestant Reformation Who would control land and taxation? Who gets the tax revenues? Independent Existence of Some Countries Who Would Rule in Europe? (Who Decides Who Gets What?) The Catholic Church? Habsburgs Ruling in Conjunction with the Catholic Church? Local Princes Who Controlled Sub-National Territories?
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Four Central Actors 1. The Catholic Church 2. The Habsburgs 3. Local Princes in Germany 4. Other Great Powers, Particularly France and Sweden. Coalitions Habsburgs and Church vs. Everybody Else
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Holy Roman Empire
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The War 1618-1629: Habsburgs crush Protestants in Germany. 1631-1635: Sweden intervenes against Habsburgs, led by its King Gustavos Adolphus and supported by France. Sweden and France have same goal: if Habsburgs Control Germany, their independence is imperiled. As Cardinal Richelieu stated: “If Germany is lost, France cannot exist.” Cardinal Richelieu Cardinal Richelieu Prime Minister of France Prime Minister of France
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The War Ends 1631-32: Gustavus crushes Habsburgs in a series of battles, but is killed in battle in September 1632. 1635-1648: France invades Germany to finish off the Habsburgs. Very Costly War—about half of the German population killed. Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus King of Sweden King of Sweden
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Treaty of Westphalia, 1648 Victory for German Princes, France, and Sweden Over: Catholic Church Habsburg Empire Gave Individual Princes in Holy Roman Empire: the Right to Govern their Land Free of External Interference.
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1 Origins of the International State System - The Origins...

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