5 WWII and Cold War

5 WWII and Cold War - Power Transition Decline of British...

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Power Transition Decline of British Power in Early 20 th Century. Rising German and American Power; Germany in particular was a Dissatisfied Nation. WWI and WWII Were Systemic Wars Fought to Destroy British System and Create an Alternative in its Place. Power Transition theory does NOT predict the emergence of the US as the new hegemon.
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But there were other factors… Europe was still licking its wounds, wanted the Germany problem to just go away. The Great Depression weakened the Democratic Community (led by Britain, France, US) that was supposed to oppose fascism and protect democracy. Domestic Politics: the US retreated into isolationism. The Problem with Collective Security: Collective Action .
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…From Allies to Enemies “If we see that Germany is winning the war we ought to help Russia, and if Russia is winning we ought to help Germany and in that way let them kill as many as possible.” Harry S. Truman, 1941 The Cold War… The Cold War…
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The Postwar Balance of Power GNP, 1950 (billions) Defense Spending, 1948 (billions) United States $381 $10.9 Soviet Union $126 $13.1 Britain $71 $3.4 Germany $48 $0 Source: Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers.
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5 WWII and Cold War - Power Transition Decline of British...

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