9 Formal Organization of International Politics

9 Formal Organization of International Politics - The...

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The Formal Organization of The Formal Organization of International Politics International Politics Largely a 20 Largely a 20 th th Century Century Phenomenon Phenomenon In 1900, about 37 International In 1900, about 37 International Governmental Organizations Governmental Organizations (IGOs) (IGOs) Mostly concerned with Mostly concerned with technical matters technical matters In 1997, about 260 IGOs In 1997, about 260 IGOs War, peace, and security War, peace, and security Economic development Economic development Environment Environment NGOs Not Counted in This NGOs Not Counted in This Total Total
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What Do IGOs DO? UN Membership 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 4 0 1 6 0 1 8 0 2 0 0 1 94 5 1 95 5 1 96 5 1 97 5 1 98 5 1 99 5 Security Cooperation UN NATO Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Economic Cooperation International Monetary Fund World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Org. for Economic Cooperation and Development Health, Environmental, and Humanitarian Cooperation
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The United Nations The “Legislature” The “Legislature” Security Council Security Council The General Assembly The General Assembly The “Executive” The “Executive” The General Secretary and The General Secretary and Agencies Agencies The “Judiciary” The “Judiciary” International Court of International Court of Justice Justice How Big? How Big? Staff of less than 10,000 Staff of less than 10,000 Annual budget of $2.5 Annual budget of $2.5 billion billion
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The Structure of UN Agencies
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IOs and Liberalism UN Reduces the Severity of the Security Dilemma. Governments Must Provide Own Security. Producing More Weapons Makes Neighboring States Less Secure. Neighbor States Build More Weapons. None Are Any More Secure After Than Before the Build Up. Can’t Not Build Weapons, One’s Security Might Diminish. UN Provides Framework for Collective Security. Article 2 : All Members must “refrain. . . from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independent of any state.” Only Exception is Self Defense (Article 51). Security Council Can Impose Non-Military Sanctions, and Call for Military Response All Members are Obliged to “Accept and Carry Out.” Measures Should Reduce Security Dilemma.
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Economic IGOs Economic IGOs Promote Economic Interdependence. Trade The International Trade Organization, The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (in 1964). Now the WTO. Oriented Toward Creation of Open, Market-Based, Non-
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9 Formal Organization of International Politics - The...

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