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11 War and Violence in Africa

11 War and Violence in Africa - War and Violence in Africa...

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War and Violence in Africa October 16
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Zaire: The Mobutu Regime Mobutu and the Kleptocrats, 1960-1990 US Support as Bulwark Against Socialism in Africa. End of Cold War Ends US Financial Support. Economic Collapse GDP growth negative since 1989, estimated at -8.0 percent in 1992. Collapse of Political Authority Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu waza Banga , or, “ The all-conquering warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, will go from conquest to conquest leaving fire in his wake”
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The “Mobutu Effect” 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 U.S. Dollars Per Capita Income Source: World Bank. World Development Indicators on CD-ROM
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War in Zaire Precipitating Causes Lie in 1994 Rwandan Conflict. Refugees and Hutu Extremists in Zaire. Rwanda and Uganda join Forces with Zairian Tutsis to Overthrow Mobutu
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Kabila Install Laurent Kabila as President of Democratic Republic of Congo. Kabila Alienates Domestic Support, and Does Not Control Hutu Extremists.
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