18 Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy

18 Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy -...

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Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy Wednesday, May 13, 2009
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What are Multinational Corporations? The Agents of Economic Globalization An “enterprise that controls and manages production establishments—plants—in at least two countries” Corporations that Extend Managerial Control From One Country into Another.
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How Many MNCs? 63,459 Parent Corporations 689,520 Foreign Affiliates of these Parent Corporations Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2002. World Investment Report: Trends and Determinants . Geneva.
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The 20 Largest MNCs (By Foreign Assets) 1. General Electric (Electronics) 11. Mobil (Petroleum) 2. Ford Motor Company (Automotive) 12. Fiat (Automotive) 3. Royal Dutch Shell (Petroleum) 13. Hoechst (Chemicals) 4. General Motors (Automotive) 14. Asea Brown Boveri (Electronics) 5. Exxon Corp (Petroleum) 15. Bayer AG (Chemicals) 6. Toyota (Automotive) 16. Elf Aquitaine (Petroleum) 7. IBM (Computer) 17. Nissan Motor (Automotive) 8. Volkswagen Group (Automotive) 18. Unilever (Food and Beverages) 9. Nestle S.A. (Food and Beverages) 19. Siemens (Electronics) 10. Daimler Benz (Automotive) 20. Roche Holding (Pharmaceuticals) Source: UNCTAD, World Investment Report, 1999
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What Type of Activity? Of the 50 Largest MNCs 10 are Auto Producers 10 are Electronics and Computers 9 are Oil Companies 8 are Chemical and Pharmaceutical Firms 5 are Food and Beverages
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How Big Are MNCs? Some are Quite Large However, the Majority Employ Fewer than 250 people
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National Income and MNC Sales, 2000 ($US Billions) 1. United States 9,882.0 30. Indonesia 153.3 20. Sweden 227 31. Daimler-Chrysler 150.1 21. Exxon-Mobil 210.9 32. Norway 149.3 22. Turkey 199.9 33. Royal Dutch Shell 149.1 23. Wal-Mart 193.3 34. BP 148.1 24. Austria 190.9 35. General Electric 129.9 25. General Motors 184.6 36. Mitsubishi 126.6 26. Ford Motor Co. 180.6 37. South Africa 125.9 27. Hong Kong 163.3 38. Thailand 121.9 28. Denmark 160.8 39. Toyota 121.4 29. Poland 158.8 40. Venezuela 120.5 Source: Gabel and Bruner. 2003. Global Inc.: An Atlas of the Multinational Corporation (New York: The New Press), page 2. .
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLI 150 taught by Professor Mosley during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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18 Multinational Corporations in the Global Economy -...

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