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23 Cooperation and Conflict

23 Cooperation and Conflict - Cooperation and Conflict...

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Cooperation and Conflict
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International Cooperation: The Case of Global Warming 1992: Rio Agreement; No Binding Targets 1995: Berlin: Binding Targets, But LDCs Exempted 1996: Clinton Administration Changes Policy, Endorses Enforceable Emission Cap 1997: Kyoto Protocol: Industrialized Countries Cut Emissions by 5.2% Below 1990 Levels by 2008-12 2000: Hague Summit: Translate Kyoto Protocol Into Enforceable Treaty. The Summit Fails. March 2001: Bush Announces U.S. Will Not Move Forward with Kyoto. November 2001: 178 Countries Reach Final Agreement in Marrakesh.
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Stuck in Neutral…running out of gas? Before the agreement can take effect, it must be ratified by enough nations to account for 55% of 1990 emissions. 120 countries have ratified it. (67% of the countries that signed in 2001) BUT…both the United States and Russia backed out. US represents 36.1% of 1990 emissions, Russia represents 17.4%. Russia out in part because the US is out.
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Not Dead Yet? Let’s make a deal.
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