CHM 2046 P3 Final Report.docx - Project Three Formation and...

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Project Three: Formation and Dissolution of Kidney StonesU****9838University of South FloridaCHM 2046L-02204/05/2017
IntroductionKidney stones affect all different people; in fact 1 out of every 20 people will have a kidney stone during their life. They’re made out of crystal minerals and are found deposited in the urinary tract. Some symptoms of kidney stones include: chills, nausea, fever, blood in urine, back or side pain and urine blockage. It can take anywhere from 1 to 4 weeks to pass a stone and pain medication is required because passing a kidney stone is extremely painful. Doctors can give pain medicine and advise a patient to drink water; there are tasks that can decrease the time needed to pass a stone and in the experiment the group was able to determine household ingredients that would further aid in decreasing kidney stones. During the experiment the group will synthesize two forms of kidney stones with the chemicals provided in the laboratory as well as use chemicals and home remedies to determine which can dissolve thekidney stones. The group determined that if the kidney stones were properly made the lemon juice would dissolve more mass then the apple cider vinegar because of a pH scale lemon juice is a 2 and apple cider vinegar is a 2.4. MethodsWeek OneCa3(PO4)2 The group began the experiment and gathered all the necessary materials. 5.5gs of calcium chloride and 5.3gs of sodium phosphate were measured on the scales station, 100mL of water was added to the calcium chloride and 200mL of water was added to the sodium phosphate. A stirring rod was used to finish mixing the sodium phosphate solution. 200mL of water were again added to the sodium phosphate to further dilute the solution. The Na3PO4 and CaCl2 solutions were combined into a large beaker which created Ca3(PO4)2. The vacuum pump was set up on the lab table and the group gradually poured in all of the solution. After the liquid wasvacuumed out the milky paste of Ca3(PO4)2 it was scooped onto a watch glass and placed into a180 degree Celsius oven for 30 minutes.

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