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Running head: APA FORMATTED PAPER1Connie L. GulickWestern Governors University
APA FORMAT2IntroductionTechnology has become an integral part of healthcare today. The demands placed on a healthcare system to provide quality and safe patient care is the driving force behind the movement towards a more comprehensive health information system (HIS).The current chasm incontinuity of care across the healthcare spectrum is leading the trend towards a more universal healthcare informational system. Implementing a quality electronic health care system provides acollaborative healthcare team with the necessary tools needed to deliver efficient, timely, reliable, comprehensive higher quality of care. The objective of this paper is multifaced. The firststep is to explore the advantages and disadvantages of a HIS, how the system can affect patient care and documentation, as well as the quality of care provided. Secondly, how to effectively implement a new HIS and the core team needed to be successful. Third, how to maintain quality data, how to use and manage the data, and how to maintain patient privacy and security of the sensitive information held in a HIS. Advantages and DisadvantagesHealth information systems (HIS) are technology-based platforms which store, organize and share the patient information collected. There are many HIS in the United States, they are designed to improve communication and dissemination of information throughout the different entities of healthcare. There are both advantages and disadvantages to any electronic HIS. Tan and Payton, (2017) offers the following advantage on a HIS, “they are designed to improve communication between financial information, human resources, facility utilization, environmental services, materials management, as well as clinical-based areas including a computerized physician ordering entry (CPOE), electronic health records (EHR), and clinical decision support systems (CDSS)” (Tan & Payton, 2017). Advantages to an HIS are optimal
ACCOUNTABLE CARE AND NURSING3when able to operate between a system effectively and efficiently, can grow, and can communicate through a variety of networks. The biggest disadvantages of an HIS is the expense generated to purchase, implement, train and maintain the system. Once a HIS is chosen the usability, interoperability, scalability, and compatibility are a contributing factor between successand failure of an HIS. UsabilityThe usability of a system speaks to how easy, efficient, and accessible a system is for the userto use. Usability is the cornerstone of any HIS. When purchasing a HIS, it is prudent to choose the higher costing system, in the long run a more expensive system will save money over time. Disadvantages to a less expensive system may impact usability due to difficult and cumbersome to use technology. If the user is unable to efficiently use the tools provided, the tool becomes inert and unable to fulfill the intended purpose. The user’s, in this case typically nurses and