RPTS 340 Test 2 Review

RPTS 340 Test 2 Review - RPTS 340 Test 2 Review 1. Ethnic...

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RPTS 340 Test 2 Review 1. Ethnic Group – A group socially distinguished or set apart, by others or by itself, primarily on the basis or cultural or nationality characteristics. A critical dimension of this definition is reference to a common ancestry (both real and mythical). Racial Group – “A racial group is not something naturally generated as part of the self- evident order of the universe, but is a social group that persons inside or outside the group have decided is important to single out as inferior or superior, typically on the basis of real or alleged physical characteristics subjectively selected.” (Feagin, 1989) Racism – Has generally been conceived in one of two ways: 1. Personal attitudes or cultural values. Racism here is a form of ethnocentrism whereby one’s own group is thought to be “inherently” superior to other races. 2. An assortment of “acts or institutional procedures [which] help create or perpetuate sets of privileges for whites and exclusions and deprivations for minority group” (Chesler, 1976). Minority Groups – are generally referred to as groups occupying a subordinate position in society. The basis of subordination is groups’ physical and cultural characteristics. Order Theories – Tend to assume that ethnic and racial groups are naturally assimilated into the society over time. Order theories assume that there is a progressive adaptation to the dominant culture and stability in intergroup relations. Further, these theories emphasize the underlying egalitarian nature of American institutions. By implication, ethnic and racial disharmony will disappear, as white Americans will progressively realize that racial intolerance is at odds with the democratic principle of the Declaration of Independence. Power-Conflict Theories – these theories assume that inter-group relationships in a society are hostile and unequal. Genocide and racial stratification are fundamental outcomes explained by these types of theories. These theories explain race and ethnic relations in terms of economic and political exploitation and subordination. Assimilation – can be defined as “a process in which an individual or group take over the [core] culture and identity of another group and become part of that group.” There are different levels of assimilation. Cultural Assimilation – refers to a minority group’s acceptance of the dominant cultural patterns of the host society (i.e. language, religion, diet, dress, leisure patterns). Structural Assimilation – Refers to the social, economic, and political integration of minorities into mainstream society. Ethnicity Hypothesis – An identifiable set of minority group activities stems from a distinct subculture. Differences in recreation reflect distinct social values, norms, roles, tastes, and styles. 1. Leisure may be culturally expressive
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course RPTS 340 taught by Professor Scott during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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RPTS 340 Test 2 Review - RPTS 340 Test 2 Review 1. Ethnic...

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