Mao and Deng.docx - 1 What was the Hundred Flowers Campaign...

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1.What was the Hundred Flowers Campaign and how did it affect China at the time? The Hundred Flowers Campaign is a policy launched in 1956 in mainland China. It refers to the idea of "letting a hundred flowers blossom in artistic work and contending for academic work". It is a manifestation of people's freedom in the fields of literature and art andscience. The purpose is to develop and prosper The Scientific, Cultural and Artistic Cause of Socialist. This makes the intellectuals feel that thecourage of the Communist Party to self-criticism, is very great.Facing the growing of criticism, Mao Zedong was afraid that the campaign will endanger the CPC 's leading position in Chinese politics. In 1957, the CCP began a counter-attack, which was later called the "anti-rightist movement." Many of the people who responded to the Hundred Flowers Campaign were labeled as rightists. The Hundred Flowers Campaign eventually led China to the failure of the socialist line to be discovered and prevented.2.What were the results of the Great Leap Forward? Why was it such a disaster? The Great Leap Forward was a Campaign came up by Mao. The CCP came up with a policy "unified purchase and marketing of grain". The CCP wanted to change China from a farming society to an industrial society. The farmers were left with rations, seeds and feed grains after the completion of the state grain purchasing task. The farmers were encouraged to change their jobs from agriculture to manufacturing. The Great Leap Forward upset the order of the national economy, wasting a lot of manpower and resources, resulting in a serious imbalance in the proportion of the national economy, socialist construction cause major damage. After the Great Leap Forward, which

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