Chapter 17

Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Foreign Defense Policy Protecting...

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Chapter 17- Foreign Defense Policy: Protecting the American Way Since WWII, the US has acted in the role of world leader, which has substantially affected its  military, diplomatic, and economic policies The US maintains a high degree of defense preparedness Changes in the international marketplace have led to increased economic interdependence  among nations The Roots of U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy For nearly half a century, US defense policy was defined by conflict with the Soviet Union Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the US has redefined its foreign and defense policies Challenges have changed o Biggest threat to the physical security of the American people is international  terrorists who fight on behalf of causes A strong domestic base is the key to success in the increasingly important global economy  The United States as Global Superpower Isolationist o Deliberately avoiding a large role in world affairs o Policy before WWII Internationalist o Deeply involved in the affairs of other nations Containment o Based on the idea that the Soviet Union was an aggressor nation that had to be  stopped from achieving its global ambitions The Cold War and Vietnam Cold War o The fact that the two countries were not directly engaged in actual combat but were  locked in deep-seated hostility that lasted forty-five years Bipolar o The United States against the Soviet Union Disintegration of the “Evil Empire”
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Limits to the US’s ability to assert its will in the world Perestroika o Initiative to restructure Soviet society Unipolar o A single unchallenged world power A New World Order Abandonment of the assumption that world affairs are a zero-sum game in which for one  nation to gain something, another nation had to lose Champions multilateralism Multilateralism o The idea that major nations should act together in response to problems and crises Has been only partly successful as a strategy for resolving international conflicts With the deployment of enough resources, the worlds major powers can intervene with  some success in many parts of the developing world Offer no guarantee of long term success  Regional and internal conflicts typically stem from enduring ethnic, religious, factional, or  national hatreds or from chronic problems The War on Terrorism Targets not nations but groups engaged in terrorism that is aimed at US interests at home  and abroad No sharply defined battlefronts War Instruments o Military force o  intelligence gathering o  law enforcement
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLI 100 taught by Professor Rabinowitz during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 Foreign Defense Policy Protecting...

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