Unit 12 terms - Isabella A Mya A Adonis Cameron B April P Per.1 1 Fascism A form of government where a dictator uses brute force and propaganda to gain

Unit 12 terms - Isabella A Mya A Adonis Cameron B April P...

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Isabella A, Mya A, Adonis , Cameron B, April P. 3/27/19 Per.1 1. Fascism: A form of government where a dictator uses brute force and propaganda to gain control over national life including the economy, education systems, armed forces, and the press. This was brought about in Europe in the 20th century. 2. Invasion of Manchuria: Ten thousand Japanese troops occupied Manchuria from 1931- 1932. This was a province not well defended however, they were blessed with iron ore and coal. It was eventually renamed “The Republic of Manchukuo.” This was one of the few attempts Japan made in an effort to control China. 3. Benito Mussolini: Italian political journalist and founder of the Fascist party. He came into power in Italy in 1992 and chose to be allied with Hitler and the Axis powers during the time of the Second World War. 4. Adolf Hitler: Leader of the Nazis who advocated a violent ideology. He began in World War II and eventually murdered over 6 million Jews along with a million others. He was one of the most powerful dictators throughout the 20th century. 5. Emperor Hirohito: Emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in the year 1989. When he began his leadership, he had taken over during a time where democratic sentiment was rising. Under his reign, Japan would turn to militarism and nationalism. He portrayed himself as a powerless constitutional monarch. It was believed that he played an active role in the war, and eventually he would come to hold no political power. 6. Axis Alliance: Military alliance formed in 1937. This was formed by three major fascist powers which were Italy, Japan, and Germany. 7. Nye Committee: Began with chaired senator Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota. This committee began its meetings in 1934. They believed that bankers and weapon makers created the European conflict and also believed they were frightening nations into military action. 8. Neutrality Act of 1935: Prohibited Americans from selling weapons or traveling on ships that were owned by nations at war. This act had been signed by FDR. 9. Neutrality Act of 1936: This act forced the President to claim that a state of war existed. This law also outlawed provisions of loans for belligerents meaning it accepted some of the Nye Committee's findings. 10. Spanish Civil War: Fought against the Nationalists. This all began because of a revolt by right wing. Republicans and Nationalists went head to head to secure their territories by executing thousands of suspected opponents. 11. Francisco Franco: He was a fascist dictator of Spain and led the Nationalists to a victory during the Spanish Civil War. He was in control of Spain’s government for almost 40 years. He caused the Spanish Civil War by starting a revolt in Morocco. Also the leader of the Nationalists. 12. Neutrality Act of 1937: This act involved provisions of previous acts with no expiration date. U.S ships were banned from transporting any articles or passengers to belligerents.
U.S citizens were banned from traveling on ships of belligerent nations.

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