Chapter 19 - Why was there no compromise over slavery in...

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Why was there no compromise over slavery in 1861? How important was the conflict at Fort Sumter? Would the confederacy and the union have decided to go to war in any event? Earlier compromises about spreading slavery had already failed so they felt as if they had no luck with this one. A secession movement had started during the time of lincoln’s election that led to a withdrawal of southern states. Confederacy wanted to secede as early as 1850. Lincoln’s election to the presidency in 1860, viewed as an act of aggression against slave- owning society, compelled the proponents of secession to achieve their goals. Union did not want to use federal authority against the secessionist states in 1860. When Lincoln took the over the office in 1861 he expressed his willingness to enforce federal law. After the hostility of the Confederate government forced the surrender of Fort Sumter on April 14, 1861, Lincoln called the state militias into federal service. Northern military goals was to force rebellious states back into the Union through an active military campaign after diplomacy had failed. Southern military goals was to maintain a defensive guerilla war, gain European economic and military support, wait for the North to lose public support for war, and maintain slavery as a useful military measure. In the first years of war, what was the political and military strategies of each side? Which side was the more successful? Why? Tactics are battlefield maneuvers. Tactics depend upon such things as the characteristics of the weapons that the soldiers are using, the combat experience of the soldiers, the terrain over which they are fighting.Campaign strategy is used by generals to maneuver the enemy force into an unfavorable positions so that it must either fight or surrender

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