205836107_The Main Cause of The American Civil War.docx -...

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Surname 1 Name Course: Instructor Date The Main Cause of The American Civil War Introduction Many historians can be quite argumentative, however by the beginning of the 21 st century, many concurred over the main motives behind the American revolution. Only a few could negate Abraham Lincoln’s claim in his second inaugural speech that “slavery” was maybe the cause of the war. Many scholars have thus sought to reaffirm slavery’s centrality in the whole conflict and others proved this cause beyond any doubt. However, despite such vast scholarly works that have pit slavery at the center of the whole conflict, some scholars have pointed to other underlying factors that could have precipitated the disagreements between the southern and northern states leading to the war. Arthur Hirsch’s recent paper in regards to the Gettysburg Battle spills the beans on the political dynamics that might have played a great role in starting the American civil war over 150 years ago (Frazer 37). A cataclysmic ordeal that is still ingrained in many Americans' minds. Arthur's article critiques the myopic nature in which the slavery narrative has been consumed by many without any logical challenge. In short, this paper, thus, seeks to look at the causation of the American civil war from the secession and tariffs perspectives. Main Cause of The American Civil War
Surname 2 The American civil war did not arise from the common conception of slavery and abolition but as a result of the southern states secession. The secession of the southern states that happened irrespective of the fact that the slave states knew that they could not gain as much protection in regards to slavery than what was provided for by the US government - if they were still members of the Union greatly precipitated the flames of war. Lincoln and the slavery protectorate knew very well that the constitutional amendment in 1860 that sought to end slavery would not be in any way tenable (Greene 93). Despite this, Lincoln still also knew that the south was fast gravitating towards separation as a solution for a totally different grievance. These grievances were the highly inequitable and incomprehensive impacts of the US protective tariff, which gave the federal government 90 percent of revenues. These tariffs had prompted foreign nations to retaliate and introduce their own set of tariffs, and this payment of these overseas tariffs put a strain on the Americans moving goods abroad and the USA government. The southerners who generated about 75 percent of the US exports, also bore the brunt of 75 percent retaliatory levies abroad (Greene 97). As a result, the 18.5 percent of the Americans who inhabited the southern states were burdened with over triple times their percentage share in the federal government’s costs.

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