HomeChapter 1Chapter 2Chapter 3Chapter 4Chapter 5Chapter 6Chapter 7Chapter 8Chapter 9Chapter 10Chapter 11Chapter 12Chapter 13Chapter 14Chapter 15Chapter 16Chapter 17Chapter 18Chapter 19Chapter 20Chapter 21Chapter 22Chapter 23Chapter 24Chapter 25Chapter 26Chapter 27Chapter 28Chapter 29Chapter 30Chapter 31Chapter 32Chapter 33Chapter 34Chapter 35Chapter 36Chapter 37Chapter 38Chapter 39Chapter 40Chapter 41Chapter 42Chapter 5Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution1700-1775Britain governed most of North America by 1775 (32 colonies), but only 13 colonies had rebelled against the crown by this time. Canada, Jamaica, and othersdid not rebel. This was due to the social, economic, and political differences between the colonies.Conquest by the CradleOver the course of the 1700s, the population in the North American colonies exploded. By the end of the century, Britain no longer hadmore people than itscolonies.In 1775, the most populous colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland.About 90% of people lived in rural areas.A Mingling of the RacesColonial America was a melting pot.Germans were 6% of the total population in 1775. Many Germans settled in Pennsylvania, fleeing religious persecution, economic oppression, and theravages of war.Scots-Irish were 7% of the population in 1775. They were lawless individuals.By the mid 18thcentury, a series of Scots-Irish settlements were scattered along the "great wagon road", which hugged the eastern Appalachian foothills fromPennsylvania to Georgia.The Scots-Irish led the armed march of the Paxton Boys in Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker oligarchy's lenient policy toward the Indians. A fewyears later, they led theRegulator movement in North Carolina, a small but nasty insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affairs.