GBES_LEED_Principles_and_Green_Associate_Study_Guide_3rd_Edition.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: Green Building Education Services, LLC 2560 King Arthur Blvd Suite 124-107 Lewisville, TX 75056 214.614.8171 The information provided in this manual is provided as-is and is subject to change without notice. All content in this manual are believed to be accurate but are presented without warranty of any kind, express or implied. LICENSE PLEASE READ THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THIS MANUAL (“MATERIALS”). BY USING THE MATERIALS YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE. NO PART OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM OR BY ANY MEANS, ELECTRONIC OR MECHANICAL, FOR ANY PURPOSE, WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN PERMISSION OF GREEN BUILDING EDUCATION SERVICES. THE MATERIALS THEREIN ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". GREEN BUILDING EDUCATION SERVICES (GBES) MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE MATERIALS, THEIR CONTENTS, OR INFORMATION. GBES EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO THE MATERIALS OR THEIR USE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. YOU AGREE THAT GBES, ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR OTHER REPRESENTATIVES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING FROM THE CONTENT OR USE OF THE MATERIALS. YOU AGREE THAT THIS LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS COMPREHENSIVE AND APPLIES TO ALL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION DIRECT, INDIRECT, COMPENSATORY, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE,AND CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. COPYRIGHT NOTICE The content of this document is the copyrighted property of Green Building Education Services, LLC. All other trademarks and graphics referenced in this document are the property of their respective owners. The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) did not participate in the development and/or publication of this book. The USGBC is not affiliated with Green Building Education Services, LLC. LEED and USGBC are registered trademarks of the U.S. Green Building Council. LEED Principles and LEED Green Associate Study Guide, Third Edition Copyright © Green Building Education Services, LLC All rights reserved. Acknowledgements Throughout this study you will learn from the leaders in the green building industry who work on LEED projects of all sizes all over the world. Real world experience is provided to you in examples and case studies to help your understanding of LEED. GBES would like to thank the many companies and organizations that contributed to this study: 3form USA Autodesk Bank of America C/S Sun Controls Cooper Lighting Design Builder Dockside Green (Windmill West) EPA Falcon Waterfree GE Headwaters Resources Herman Miller HOK Hughes Condon Marler Kawneer Kimberly-Clark Kohler Kyocera Lutron Electronics McQuay International Mitsubishi Electric Monterey Lighting Solutions Read Jones Christopherson Rocky Mountain Institute Sempergreen Green Roofs Sherwin-Williams SHW Group Sidwell Friends School Siemens Sika Sarnafil SmithGroup Stantec Sustainable Investment Group (SIG) Tate Access Floors The Solaire (BPCA) Trane United Soybean Velux Wahaso Whole Foods Wicanders Flooring Contents Chapter 1 - Green Building Basics ................................................................................................................ 11 Impacts of Buildings and Construction ........................................................................................................ 12 Built Environment............................................................................................................................................................ 12 Defining Green Building ................................................................................................................................. 12 Whole Building Design .................................................................................................................................................... 13 The Conventional Building Process ................................................................................................................................ 14 The Integrative Process .................................................................................................................................................. 15 Building Costs ................................................................................................................................................................. 23 Integrative Process Compared to Traditional Project Delivery ........................................................................................ 24 Integrative Process and Project Teams .......................................................................................................................... 24 Ongoing Operations & Maintenance ............................................................................................................................... 28 The Triple Bottom Line.................................................................................................................................................... 29 Systems Thinking ........................................................................................................................................................... 31 Key Terms ........................................................................................................................................................ 35 References ....................................................................................................................................................... 36 Chapter 2 – About LEED................................................................................................................................. 37 USGBC ............................................................................................................................................................. 37 LEED ................................................................................................................................................................. 40 LEED Certification Benefits ........................................................................................................................... 40 Why LEED? ...................................................................................................................................................... 42 LEED Rating Systems..................................................................................................................................... 42 Rating System Structure ................................................................................................................................ 46 Prerequisites and Credits................................................................................................................................................ 46 LEED Pilot Credit Library ................................................................................................................................................ 51 Project Certification ........................................................................................................................................ 51 Credit Weightings ........................................................................................................................................................... 52 Minimum Program Requirements ................................................................................................................................... 53 Phases of the Certification Process .............................................................................................................. 55 Planning - Charrette ........................................................................................................................................................ 55 Registration..................................................................................................................................................................... 56 Application ...................................................................................................................................................................... 59 Project Review ................................................................................................................................................................ 60 Certification or Denial...................................................................................................................................................... 62 LEED for Neighborhood Development ............................................................................................................................ 63 Project Resources ........................................................................................................................................... 64 Reference Guides ........................................................................................................................................................... 64 Case Studies .................................................................................................................................................................. 64 Customer Support........................................................................................................................................................... 65 LEED Online ................................................................................................................................................................... 65 LEED Scorecard ............................................................................................................................................................. 65 Credit Templates and Calculators ................................................................................................................................... 66 Credit Interpretation Rulings (CIR) .................................................................................................................................. 67 LEED Interpretations....................................................................................................................................................... 69 USGBC Policies ............................................................................................................................................... 69 Professional Credentials ................................................................................................................................ 70 Case Studies & Examples .............................................................................................................................. 70 Case Study: Dockside Green ......................................................................................................................... 70 References ....................................................................................................................................................... 73 Key Terms ........................................................................................................................................................ 74 Chapter 3 – Location and Transportation..................................................................................................... 75 Location ........................................................................................................................................................... 75 Smart Growth ................................................................................................................................................................ 76 Protect Habitat .............................................................................................................................................................. 77 Redevelop Brownfield Sites......................................................................................................................................... 78 Use Infill Development ................................................................................................................................................. 79 Develop in Dense Areas ............................................................................................................................................... 79 Neighborhood Pattern and Design ................................................................................................................ 81 Increase Diversity of Uses ........................................................................................................................................... 81 Compact Development Strategies ............................................................................................................................... 83 Choose a LEED-certified Building ............................................................................................................................... 83 Transportation ................................................................................................................................................. 84 Compressed Work Week .............................................................................................................................................. 84 Telecommuting ............................................................................................................................................................. 85 Reward Carpooling/Modifying Parking Fees .............................................................................................................. 85 Locate Near Mass Transit/Provide Access ................................................................................................................. 86 Bicycle Networks .......................................................................................................................................................... 86 Alternative Fuel Vehicles ............................................................................................................................................. 86 Car Share Programs ..................................................................................................................................................... 87 Minimize Parking .......................................................................................................................................................... 87 Case Study: Emory University Whitehead Biomedical ............................................................................... 87 Case Study: Dockside Green ......................................................................................................................... 88 Site Selection ................................................................................................................................................................ 88 Alternative Transportation ........................................................................................................................................... 89 Key Words........................................................................................................................................................ 91 Chapter 4 - Sustainable Sites ........................................................................................................................ 92 Site Assessment ............................................................................................................................................. 92 Site Design ....................................................................................................................................................... 93 Preserve Open Space..................................................................................................................................................... 93 Minimize Construction Impacts ....................................................................................................................................... 93 Restore Sensitive Areas ................................................................................................................................................. 94 Rainwater Management .................................................................................................................................. 94 Reduce Runoff ................................................................................................................................................................ 95 Heat Island Effect ............................................................................................................................................ 98 Solar Reflectance ......................................................................................................................................................... 101 Building/Infrastructure Size ........................................................................................................................................... 102 Undercover / Underground Parking .............................................................................................................................. 103 Green Roofs ................................................................................................................................................................. 103 Shading......................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Cool Roofs .................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Cool Pavements ........................................................................................................................................................... 106 Open-grid Pavement ..................................................................................................................................................... 107 Site Management ........................................................................................................................................... 107 Prevent Light Pollution .................................................................................................................................................. 107 Building Exterior Management ...................................................................................................................................... 110 Snow and Ice Removal ................................................................................................................................................. 110 Landscaping ................................................................................................................................................................. 110 Integrated Pest Management........................................................................................................................................ 110 Case Study: Dockside Green ....................................................................................................................... 110 Site Restoration ............................................................................................................................................................ 110 Light Pollution Reduction .............................................................................................................................................. 111 Key Words..........................................................................................................
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