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finalstudyguide - 1. Ad Hoc Committee: a congressional...

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1. Ad Hoc Committee: a congressional committee appointed for a limited time to design and report a specific piece of legislation 2. Agenda: the official plan for a committee meeting, typically used when discussing business in the House and Senate subcommittees 3. Amicus curiae: “Friend of the court”; a brief filed in a lawsuit by an individual or a group that is not party to the lawsuit but has an interest in the outcome 4. Appellate jurisdiction: a statement of the jurisdiction of the court, in the Supreme Courts situation the Congress has jurisdiction over the Supreme Court’s set-up 5. Article I, Section 8: establishes the Congress 6. Article II: establishes the formal powers of the executive 7. Article III: establishes the Federal judiciary, including the supreme court; says that judges have life tenure during “good behavior”, they also have undiminished compensation; the court’s original jurisdiction (cases that appear in the S.C. before they are tried elsewhere); things such as arguments between states 8. Attitudinal model: Justices make choices based on their personal preferences; controversial because it implies that justices manipulate their decisions based on their preference and justify it with the according constitutional provisions 9. Attorney general: the head of the Justice Department; as the nation’s chief legal officer, he or she represents the federal government’s interests in law courts throughout the nation; this individual is also the chief law enforcement officer
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10. Bargaining: a form of negotiation in which two or more parties who disagree propose exchanges and concessions to find a course of acceptable collective; essentially all that presidential power is according to Neustadt 11. Blue States: the states that voted majority democrat; part of the polarization of public opinion, which isn’t necessarily a true representation of the American political spectrum 12. Budgeting: the Congressional/Senatorial process of anticipating the costs, and planning the expenditure of financial resources for the execution of tasks, projects and programs that the legislature wants to undertake 13. Bully pulpit: a public office of sufficiently high rank that it provides the holder with an opportunity to speak out and be listened to on any matter 14. Cabinet: the formal group of presidential advisors who head the major departments and agencies of the federal government. Cabinet members are chosen by the president and approved by the senate. 15. Calendar: The list of bills or resolutions to be considered by committees, or by either chamber of the Legislature; a list of cases scheduled for hearing in court 16. Caseload: the number of cases that Judges/Justices handle in one session of the Court 17. Casework: the activity undertaken by members of Congress and their staffs to solve constituents’ problems with government agencies 18. Central clearance: a presidential directive requiring that all executive agency proposals, reports, and recommendations to Congress-mostly in the form of annual reports and
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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finalstudyguide - 1. Ad Hoc Committee: a congressional...

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