1Exam 2, Spring 2008, Chapters 9-12 Form A Bank reserves are defined as _____. 1. the total cash in bank vaults. 2. money deposited in Federal Reserve accounts. 3. the sum of vault cash and deposits at Federal Reserve banks 4. the total amount of money a bank must hold. 5. ten percent of demand deposit liabilities. According to the National Bureau of Economic Research (the NBER), the U.S. economy entered a recession in March 2001. The recession lasted until _____, and was caused by a decrease in autonomous _____. 1. November 2001, investment. 2. November 2001, consumption. 3. March 2002, investment. 4. 5. March 2002, consumption. None of the above. Which of 1-3 represents the Fed’s contribution to the 1937 recession? 1. An increase in the Fed’s discount rate. 2. An increase in the required reserve ratio. 3. An open market sale of bonds by the Fed. 4. 5. Each of the above. None of the above. During the Great Depression there was a dramatic drop in the money multiplier. Which of the following occurred, andwas a contributing factor to this drop? 1. Individuals wished to hold more of their money in the form of cash and less in the form of bank deposits. 2. Banks increased the ratio of reserves to deposits. 3. Each of 1 and 2 occurred and each was a contributing factor. 4. Neither of 1 and 2 occurred. Which of 1-3 is not included in the M1 money stock? 1. travelers' checks 2. demand deposits 3. checking account deposits 4. Neither of 1-3 is included in M1. 5. Each of 1-3 isincluded in M1
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