(1-23)Classical Theories on Social Inequality

(1-23)Classical Theories on Social Inequality - Notes:...

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Notes: Classical Theories on Social Inequality 1/23/08 1. Emile Durkheim: Social organisms: life being used by him for society suggesting that society is life, a living organism A. Social Solidarity i. Mechanical Solidarity: ruler societies 1. Simple Division of Labor: only a few jobs that are done by people. 2. Homogenous : people lived in small rural communities, same language, culture, religion, jobs, very similar to one another. 3. Similarity of Individuals : people live in communities that they felt comfortable in. Germans with Germans, Irish with Irish 4. Collective Conscience : 5. Individual Ego Not Prominent: individualism was not promoted ii. Organic Solidarity 1. Complex Division of Labor: we have so many specializations in every field in society. Jobs, Doctors: specialist, heart, back, leg, feet, etc… 2. Differences: way different from homogenous communities 3. Interdependence : modern society, so interdependent, they cannot live unless other people are there to fulfill their needs. 4. Increased Individualism: we are all pushed and we all want to be individuals not all the same 5. Dehumanization: ex: in a city when you are living in an apartment, you don’t know how lives up stairs or down stairs and sometimes right and left. You don’t want to
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course ISS 215 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '06 term at Michigan State University.

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(1-23)Classical Theories on Social Inequality - Notes:...

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