Review for Final - 1) Verbs INDICATIVE ACTIVE Present (2nd...

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1) Verbs INDICATIVE ACTIVE Present (2 nd principle part stem) (person) am/are/is______s/ing O s t mus tis nt Future (2 nd principle part stem) (person) shall/will ____ bO am bis Es bit et bimus Emus bitis Etis bunt ent Imperfect (2 nd principle part stem) (person) was/were ____ing bam bAs bat bAmus bAtis bant Perfect (3 rd principle part stem) (person) have _______d I istI It imus
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istis Erunt or Ere Pluperfect (3 rd principle part stem) (person) had _______d eram erAs erat erAmus erAtis erant Future Perfect (3 rd principle part stem) (person) will/shall have ______d erO eris erit erimus eritis erint INDICATIVE PASSIVE Present Passive (4 th principle part stem) (person) am/are/is being _____d r ris tur mur minI ntur Imperfect Passive (4 th principle part stem) (person) was/were being ____d or (person) used to be ____d bar bAris batur
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bAmur bAminI bantur Future Passive (4 th principle part stem) (person) shall be ____d bor beris bitur bimur biminI bintur Endings Perfect Pluperfect Future Perfect (4 th principle part stem) and ending + form of sum (person) was/ have been ____d (person) had been _____d (person) shall/will have been ____d Singular -us-a-um sum eram erO Plural -I-ae-a es erAs eris est erat erit sumus erAmus erimus estis erAtis eritis sunt erant erunt Imperatives Singular Stem Plural Stem + te (ite for 3 rd and 4 th declensions)
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2) Nouns 1 st Declension (gen. –ae) -feminine (except: poEta, agricola, nauta, etc.) Singular Plural a ae ae Arum ae is am as A is a ae 2 nd Declension (gen. –I) -masculine (-us and –er) -neuter (-um) Sing(us) Plur(us ) Sing(er ) Plur(er ) Sing(um ) Plur(um ) us I None I um a I Orum I Orum I Orum O Is O Is O Is um Os um Os um a O Is O Is O Is e I None I um a 3 rd Declension (gen. –is) Examples: - masculine: rEx, amor, labor, homO -feminine: littera, pAx, rEgIna, terra -neuter: corpus, nOmen, tempus Singular(M/F ) Plural(M/F) Singular(N) Plural(N) None Es None a is um is um I ibus I ibus em Es None a e ibus e ibus none es None a 3 rd Declension (gen. –is) Irregular (- Singular(M/F Plural(M/F) Singular(N) Plural(N)
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io) Masculine/Feminine: parisyllabic nom. and gen. OR monosyllabic nom. ending with ( -s or –x) Neuter: nom. singular ending in (-al, -ar, -e ) None Es None ia is ium Is ium I ibus I ibus em Es None ia e ibus I ibus none es None ia 4 th Declension (gen. –Us) Mainly masculine Some feminine (manus) Few neuter (cornU, genU) Singular(M/ F) Plural(M/F) Singular(N) Plural(N) us Us U Ua Us uum Us Uum uI ibus U Ibus um Us U Ua U Ibus U Ibus us Us U Ua Case and Use Nominative Subject, predicate nominative Genitive Possession, partitive (genitive of the whole), with numerals (mIlia) Dative Indirect object Accusitive Direct object, object of preposition Ablative Object of preposition, means (instrument), manner, accompaniment, time, with cardinal numerals, agent, place from which, separation Vocative Direct address All cases Apposition 3) Adjectives Rule for agreement Number, gender, case – not necessarily spelling of endings
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course LATN 1001 taught by Professor Lafleur during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Review for Final - 1) Verbs INDICATIVE ACTIVE Present (2nd...

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