Running head: TARGET POPULATION AND HEALTH ISSUES 1 Target Populations and Relevant Health Issue: A Case of the Aboriginal Communities in Oshawa By Name Institutional Affiliation
TARGET POPULATION AND HEALTH ISSUES 2 Target Populations and Relevant Health Issue: A Case of the Aboriginal Communities in Oshawa Introduction Oshawa is a metropolitan city known for its diverse population consisting of both the majority and minority groups. The Aboriginal community forms one of the minority ethnic groups in Oshawa. This community consists of people with a closely-knit social network and have branded themselves into a unified group called “Bawaajigewin.” Just like other indigenous communities, the Aboriginals struggle with a wide range of health issues, including chronic conditions like diabetes. This paper will explore the demographics of the Aboriginal community in Oshawa and examine the prevalence of Type I and 2 diabetes among its young women. The paper will also investigate the social determinants of health (SDOH) that impact the incidence and management of diabetes and provide alternative solutions. The Aboriginal Community The Aboriginals have been living in Oshawa for many years now and have shared in the city’s successes and failures. They form a smaller percentage of the city’s population and tend to live together. The Aboriginals in Oshawa place great value in their customs and tradition. A majority of them have basic education, with men forming the larger percentage of the educated individuals. A considerable number of people in this community do not have adequate access to comprehensive healthcare since they do not have the required health insurance. The population majorly consists of young men and women aged below 40 years. Women form the majority of the population. Further inquiry reveals that a considerable percentage of Aboriginals still believe in the effectiveness of traditional medicine. As a result, they resort to traditional medicine as a way of treating certain illnesses.
TARGET POPULATION AND HEALTH ISSUES 3 The Salient Health Issue The Aboriginal groups in Oshawa experience various health issues that are composites of both social, political, and economic policies and events that occur within the wider Canada. Diabetes is one of the most common yet important health issues among the Aboriginal community, especially for men and women aged above 40 years. According to local health respondents in Oshawa, the rate of diagnosis, and death rate linked to diabetes among the Aboriginals has increased to unprecedented levels over the past years. The respondents further revealed that the most concerning thing is that there was a considerable increase in the onset of diabetes among women aged between 20 and 30 years. This is a young population that normally do not portray high susceptibility to diabetes. Therefore, it is peculiar and alarming to report a high level of incidence of diabetes for this population.
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- Spring '17
- Diabetes, Indigenous Australians