Final Exam Review - Final Exam Review I. Dennett " The...

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Final Exam Review I. Dennett “ The Self” a. Where am I? i. Immaterial: thinking./ consciousness/ feeling 1. soul (Dennett) ii. Material: physical/spatial 1. Brain (Yorick) 2. Body (Hamlet) b. Dualism: the relationship between mind and body i. The soul doesn’t depend on the body> can be immortal ii. Descartes: mind is soul; soul is the thing that thinks iii. Ex: Terry Schivo case of soul vs. body c. Materialists: if the brain malfunctions, person no longer there i. They wonder if there is even a sould d. Brain identity theorist; you are your brain e. Dennett sets up 3 scenarios i. Where Hamlet goes, there does Dennett (where body goes, so does soul) 1. Objection: brain/body transplant cases ii. Where Yorrick goes, there goes Dennett (where brain goes, there goes soul) 1. Objection: Current situation (Dennett looking at his brain). 2. Reply: California/Texas case counts against Bodily Identity. 3. Objection: But it doesn’t help Brain Identity, either. iii. Dennett is wherever he thinks he is (his soul is its “point of view”) 1. Objection: location of the part/ point of view is the location of the person 2. Objection: Makes you infallible about where you are. You’re not. 3. Objection: Can shift point of view, but this isn’t transporting oneself.
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f. BreakOut i. Questions: 1. What am I? 2. What is a human being? 3. What makes you yourself as an individual? 4. Where am I? ii. Options: 1. Mind (a mental thing—idealism) 2. Mind and body (physical and spatial—dualism) 3. Body (materialism) a. Brain b. All other body parts as a whole c. Composite of brain and body 4. Point of view/ perspective 5. Logical behaviorism (mind is a disposition to act a certain way) 6. Functionalism: mind is an information processor (computer- input/output) 7. Other: personal attributes/ narratives g. The puzzle i. The body is a physical thing ii. The mind is a non physical thing iii. The mind and the body interact and casually affect one another iv. Nonphysical things cannot casually interact with physical things v. Ex: the minds of people aren’t just driven physically(ie daydreaming) h. Contenders i. Dualism: mind= nonphysical; body is physical ii. Physicalism: mind is a physical thing (brain or otherwise)
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iii. Idealism: body is a mental thing iv. Functionalism: mind is an information processor i. Is dualism the answer? i. Hamlet gets buried in Oklahoma, now Dennett is in Houston ii. Dennett: we’ve assumed physicalism, but this seems to show dualism is true iii. Objection: computer duplicate j. Is functionalism? i. Whatever functions sufficiently like Dennett is Dennett ii. Bodily and brain identitiy are not the issue here. Just need a continuous functional system that includes body and mind. Parts are interchangeable iii. There maybe some limits to this—but they will be accounted for functionally k. For BreakOut. . i.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course PHIL 1000 taught by Professor Farnham during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Final Exam Review - Final Exam Review I. Dennett " The...

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