Notes Jan 09-11

Notes Jan 09-11 - 01/09/08 Four ways to acquire knowledge...

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01/09/08 Four ways to acquire knowledge nonscientifically are: a.) tenacity Accepting knowledge because of tradition e.g Cliches, etc. Problems 1. Most of the time the accuracy has never being evaluated. 2. No way of correcting wrong ideas. b.) Authority Accept an idea as true because a respected source says it is. e.g information from doctors, teachers, etc. Problems 1. Authorities might make mistakes. c.) Reason Using logic to acquire new information. usually referring to the use of logical syllogisms. E.g All women can cook; Kacy is a woman; Kacy can cook. Problems 1. Not all assumptions are true and valid d.) Empiricism Collecting knowledge by using your experiences and perceptions Problems 1. Make a lot of errors e.g Fundamental attribution error. 2. Relying on your own individual personal experiences and perceptions is a very limited way to learn about things. e.) Science with science, you make an attempt to answer questions or collect knowledge through careful observation and collection of data. is a combination of empiricism and reason. Advantages 1. Systematic, universal ways of approaching research so that other people follow your work. Objectives of Science
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Notes Jan 09-11 - 01/09/08 Four ways to acquire knowledge...

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