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Week 1: The Three Kingdoms 1.Paleolithic -Old stone age. Rocks were found in different places of the Korean Peninsulaa.5 Prehistoric Communal Societies i.The Paleothic human in Korea lived in caves, use fire for warmth and cooking, constructed stone implements and developed a communal form of life. 1.Neolithic -New stone age. Changes in pottery making. Early pottery was very simple and started using designs on these potteries and then began using sophisticated artwork. 5000 years of Korean art. Why? Pottery was very durable, it tends to last for many years. 7 Neolithic Korea (Based on pottery and civilization) 1.Early Neolithic pottery is simple and undecorated 2.Middle Neolithic pottery has geometric designs and is known as "comb-pattern" pottery 3.Late Neolithic pottery had stylised lightning patterns and more complex geometric designs using waves 1.Animism a.These Neolithic Koreans held 'animistic' beliefsb.Animism refers to the belief that everything in the universe has a spirit, including inanimate objects Showing respect for the ancestors. Bringing food for the "mountain spirits" Koreans have thebelief to visiting these spirits 1.Bronze Age - Leaders in Tomes would have many objects believing the immortality of the soul. Using these objects in the coming next life Developing in the HAN River.They began to be recognized by the Chinese. Koreans did not have their own writing systems, so they used Chinese characters to write about themselves and the Chinese wrote about the Korean. 1.Old Choson - (Roughly 2333 BCE - 108 BCE) a.The Korean peninsula came under the influence of Han China b.By the 1st century BCE. Powerful kingdoms were beginning to form on the Korean peninsula PG 14 of the history book The 3 Kingdoms : 1.Koguryo2.Paekche3.SillaThe kingdom of 'Koguryo' in the north. Developed in conflict with China During the early period, religious and political factions were combined As political power became more diversified, the duties of the 'shaman' centred around supplication the gods for their favour Harvest Festival (Chusok)They have found rock drawings in caves. They have survived for thousands of years in different places for example Europe. The Aristocratic Societies The 4th Century CE, in Koguryo, royal authority was strengthened, and centralized government structures had been established
Koguryo expanded its territory southward and came into conflicts with Paekche which was pushing north The kingdom of Paekche was also becoming more centralized with a growing aristocratic class Silla The kingdom of Silla had evolved out of a walled-town state in southeastern Korea To counteract the menace of the powerful northern neighbor, koguryo, Silla engaged in joint military operations with Paekche Buddhism was official adopted as the state religion by Silla around 535 During this time there were three different approaches towards China As the kingdoms tried to expand the attacked China and faced counter-attacks inreturn