SMART GROW (MANAGEMENT AND AUTOMATION SYSTEM FOR GREENHOUSE) NOR AL TASHLEM BIN ISMAIL A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical-Mechatronics) Faculty of Electrical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia JUNE 2014
iii Specially dedicated to my beloved parents, Ismail Husain and Fatimah Genda , for their support, understanding and blessing, and a warm thanks to my beloved lecturers and dearest friends for advice and guidance throughout this project.
iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. Firstly, the highest gratitude and acknowledgement to Allah SWT, the most powerful and the most merciful for His blessing in giving me the strength and persistence to complete my study in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia from September 2011 till November 2014. The experiences that I gain along this journey had motivated me to become a great engineer someday. I am much indebted to my supervisor, Associate Professor Dr. Rosbi Bin Mamat for his continuous support and his fatherly advice and guidance inspired me to complete this project. To my family member especially, Ismail Bin Husain and Fatimah Binti Mohd Genda, and Syaidatul Rauhah Binti Talib, I would like to deliver my deepest appreciation because of continuous support, understanding and prayer for me to complete this journey. To all my dearest course mates and friends escpecially Khairul Akmal Zulkepli, Mohd Tharmizi Daud and Mohd Zaidruce Mohd Azizi that never stop giving me strength, help and advice to complete this project, I am grateful to have friends like you all and I will never stop pray for blessing to all of you. I owe so much of your caring and friendship that contribute to my success. Lastly, I would like to acknowledge the Faculty of Electrical, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia for providing the facilities support. Besides that, my deepest gratitude to all that involved directly and indirectly that contribute to this record of success. I dedicate this achievement to all of you. Thank you.
v ABSTRACT Maintaining suitable climate and optimizing plant's vitality needs in greenhouse is a difficult work for the farmers. Automated control system is found very helpful in greenhouse agriculture, but most of the automated system is based on timer regardless of weather changes. Therefore, Smart Grow is built in order to create greenhouse solution to suit any climate or crop. There are two modes to provide the automation at the greenhouse that are based on closed-loop control system and wireless automation. In order to build an effective system to suit any type of crop or climate, environmental requirements for plant growth is controlled by the automation installed in the greenhouse or the garden. Firstly, the automation at the greenhouse can be done using automated system by getting data from the surrounding environment.
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