Exam #1 notecard

Exam #1 notecard - Hydrolysis of Proteins: several (many)...

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Alkanes -- Acid + Alcohol > Ester + H20 (goes both ways- other way called hydrolysis of ester) Cyclic Alkanes Alkenes 1- meth 2- eth 3- prop Synthesis/Hydrolysis of Amide: Amide + Acid > Amide + H20 4- but 5- pent 6- hex 7- hept 8- oct Polymers : Addition Condensation note: acid loses OH 9- non -Polyethylene -Polyesters amide loses 1 H 10- dec - Polyamides - Alkenes > Addition Reactions (if w/ H 2 , hydrogenation) -Nitration: benzene + HNO 3 H 2 SO 4 > C 6 H 5 NO 2 + H 2 0 -Alkylation: benzene + CH 3 Cl AlCl 3 > C 6 H 5 CH 3 + HCl -Halogenation: benzene + Br 2 FeBr 3> C 6 H 5 Br + HBr -Oxidation: Primary Alcohol > Aldehyde > Acid, Secondary Alcohol > Ketone -Reduction: Acid > Aldehyde > Primary Alcohol, Ketone > Secondary Alcohol Reagents Oxidation:KMn04, K2Cr207 Reducing : NaBH4, LiBH4, H2 Hydrogenation : H2 Hydrolysis : H20 Free Radical : Cl2 Hydrolysis of Fats: glycerol, one or more fatty acids
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Unformatted text preview: Hydrolysis of Proteins: several (many) different amino acids *amino acids always chiral *free-radical reaction initiated with light as well as yields more than one product (non-specific) *old aspirin smells like acetic acid because of the hydrolysis of aspirin *Polyunsaturated Fat to saturated fat uses H2 as converter *basic hydrolysis(saponification) of a fat yields products: glycerol, sodium salt of a long chain *hydrolysis of polyester can create hole in fabric *Solubility: propene ethanol ethanoic acid polyethylene terephthalate cyclohexane *cross-linkin makes polymer rigid *unknown compound, add Cr2O7(2-) and observe color change(oxidation, yellow > grey green)...
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