Kiersten PellerinANTH:361Dr. Anderson16 March 2017Warfare and Sacrifice of the Modern Maya“War… war never changes” claims the intro to the popular game ‘Fallout.’ The descendants of the classic Maya people who wielded atlatls, bows, axes and clubs would disagree as they went on to fight in modern battles with modern weapons. For the Maya, warfare would drastically change over time, as well as their reasons for it. Moving into the modern period, specifically the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Maya would step up to defend themselves and their morals and lifestyles.War for the classic Maya was very different than what was and still is considered ‘war’ for Mayas today. War has changed considerably between the centuries and as the Maya progressed and their lives changed. One of the most notable changes is the lack of traditional weaponry.In a letter written during the Caste War to Frederick Seymour in February of 1858 by William Anderson, it is noted that“The Indians were well armed with muskets, bayonets, swords, and in some cases, pistols… The Indians took away 85 kegs of [gun]powder…[in total] I should estimate it at about 150 kegs or more”(Rugeley “Part II” 66).