APUSH Period #7A Study GuideProgressives●Who were the progressives?people believed that American society could be improved by way ofpolitical changes and social improvements through government actionWhat were thebeliefs/ideologies of the movement?wanted to limit the power of big businesses, improve democracyfor all American people, and strengthen social justiceWhere did the movement generally apply?middle-classcitizens in US citiesWho would have typically been a progressive?Social Workers (JaneAddams, Florence Kelley), Social Gospel (Salvation Army), Dedicated Leaders (Republicans -Roosevelt, Democrats - Jennings Bryan), Muckraking Journalists (Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell),Pramagatists (William James), Scientific Management System (Frederick Taylor)●What presidents/important politicians were a part of the movement?Roosevelt (Square Deal, TrustRegulation, Conservation) Taft (16th Amendment, Mann-Elkins Act, Republican divide) Wilson (“NewFreedom”, lowered Tariffs, Federal Reserve, Anti-trust, Social reforms)●Muckrakers→oWho are they?journalists that highlighted political, social, and economic issues that werecommonplace during the Gilded Age by exposing injustices, scandals, and corruptionoWhat did they write? (specifically)articles and booksWhat did they write about/What were theyconcerned with?trusts, urban machine politics, the state of the poor, unsafe working conditions,child laborWho did they write for?the average citizen (calls for reform)oWhat was the response toThe Jungle?the creation of the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food andDrug Act (1906)Under which president was this act passed?RooseveltoWhat specific legislation can be tied to their efforts? ***●Constitutional Amendments→Which ones were added during the era?16th - Income Tax, 17th-Direct Election of Senators, 18th - Prohibition of Alcohol, 19th- Women’s Suffrage●Roosevelt→oTrust Busting (know about good vs. bad trusts and examples)Trust regulation (Differentiatedbetween “good trusts”, such as General Electric, Steel, and “bad trusts”, Standard Oil, J.P Morgan’sNorthern Securities Company (Northern Securities v. United States), Beef Trust (Swift & Companyv. United States)oConservation (what specific act(s) were passed in the name of progressive conservation?)
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●Wilsono“New Freedom”→→What were Wilson’s three major things he went after?