APUSH Period #7A Study GuideProgressives●Who were the progressives? people believed that American society could be improved by way of political changes and social improvements through government action What were the beliefs/ideologies of the movement? wanted to limit the power of big businesses, improve democracyfor all American people, and strengthen social justice Where did the movement generally apply? middle-classcitizens in US cities Who would have typically been a progressive?Social Workers (Jane Addams, Florence Kelley), Social Gospel (Salvation Army), Dedicated Leaders (Republicans - Roosevelt, Democrats - Jennings Bryan), Muckraking Journalists (Upton Sinclair, Ida Tarbell), Pramagatists (William James), Scientific Management System (Frederick Taylor)●What presidents/important politicians were a part of the movement? Roosevelt (Square Deal, Trust Regulation, Conservation) Taft (16th Amendment, Mann-Elkins Act, Republican divide) Wilson (“New Freedom”, lowered Tariffs, Federal Reserve, Anti-trust, Social reforms)●Muckrakers →oWho are they? journalists that highlighted political, social, and economic issues that were commonplace during the Gilded Age by exposing injustices, scandals, and corruptionoWhat did they write? (specifically) articles and books What did they write about/What were theyconcerned with? trusts, urban machine politics, the state of the poor, unsafe working conditions, child labor Who did they write for? the average citizen (calls for reform) oWhat was the response to The Jungle? the creation of the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) Under which president was this act passed? RooseveltoWhat specific legislation can be tied to their efforts? ***●Constitutional Amendments →Which ones were added during the era? 16th - Income Tax, 17th- Direct Election of Senators, 18th - Prohibition of Alcohol, 19th- Women’s Suffrage●Roosevelt →oTrust Busting (know about good vs. bad trusts and examples) Trust regulation (Differentiated between “good trusts”, such as General Electric, Steel, and “bad trusts”, Standard Oil, J.P Morgan’s Northern Securities Company (Northern Securities v. United States), Beef Trust (Swift & Company v. United States)oConservation (what specific act(s) were passed in the name of progressive conservation?)Forest ReserveAct, Newlands Reclamation Act (used to set aside land for public interests)oLabor Issues - acted as a mediator for labor strikers and business (“Square Deal”) - Anthracite Coal Strike (sat down with both sides, sent troops to seize mines bc citizens needed coals as weather became colder, settled a compromise that got workers back with a 10% wage increase and 9 hr work days) ●Wilson →o“New Freedom” →what does this mean? promised greater economic opportunity through reformwhile maintaining limited governmentWhat were Wilson’s three major things he went after?