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Lesson 12: Identifying Lines from PoemsModernisttechniquesExample from TheWastelandExample from TheSeafarerExample from The RedWheelbarrowTheme offragmentation orambiguity ornihilism or adespairingindividualconfronted with anunmanageablefuture“What are the roots that clutch, what branches growOut of this stony rubbish? Son of man, / You cannot say, or guess, for you know only / A heap of broken images, where the sun beats, / And the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief, / And the dry stone no sound of water” – symbolizes fragmentation experienced after World WarI and the negative impact of Europe empires. “Eager and ready, the crying lone-flyer, / Whets forthe whale-path the heart irresistibly, / O’er tracks of ocean; seeing the anyhow / My lord deems to me this dead life / On loan and on land, I believe not / That on earth-weal eternal standeth / Save there be somewhat calamitous / That, ere a mans tide go, turn it to twain. / Disease or oldness or sword-hate / Beats out the breath from doom-gripped body” – the author is trying to convey to the audience that his choiceis between the sea and heaven, proving to be a despairing individual ‘confronted with an unmanageable future’.“so much depends upon/ a red wheel barrow” – the firstline of the poem is ambiguous as it leaves the audience (reader) confused.There isn’t any hidden meaning behind the first line, leaving it to the audience (reader) to create one. Juxtaposition ofideas“April is the cruellest month, breeding / Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing / Memory and desire, stirring / Dull roots with spring rain. / Winter kept us warm, covering / Earth in forgetful snow, feeding / A little life with dried tubers.” – to the author, April symbolizes “renewal” with no life, on the other hand Winter is associated with warmth and beautiful frozen landscapes. Spring is compared to ‘death’/’no life’, and the opposite for Winter.