Lesson 13 - Postmodern Literature Qualities and Themes.docx...

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Lesson 13: Postmodern Literature Qualities and Themes Postmodern terms and definitions: Term Definition Unreliable narrator The narrator is untrustworthy whose reliability is compromised. The interpretation of the events that occur should not be taken as the absolute truth (take it with a grain of salt). It typically occurs in the first-person narration, underlining the objectives behind the communication (presentation) of a story. Human experience is ambiguous Stimulation replaces real-life events; individuals have too much knowledge/information, where technology is a primary focus. The reader typically has a harder time understanding/differentiating the real from the simulations. It depicts a world that is unstable, constantly contradicting (internally), indecisive, undetermined, – focusing on a vision of a fragmented, absurd world. Black comedy A genre of comedy that deals with serious/disturbing topics in a humorous manner, a typical method in facing cruelty in this century. Dark humour A comic style that utilizes irony to make light of taboo topics that many people shy away from in the 21 st century. Intertextuality The interconnection between similar works of literature that influence the audience’s interpretation, shaping a text’s meaning through another text. The acknowledgment of previous works of literature within other works. One of the intertextual figures is pastiche, which is combining two or more elements of other works of art, film, music, and literature to create something new. Sense of paranoia The belief that there is a commandment (order system) behind the absurdity (chaos) of the world, lies on both sides (typically blurring) of the line between delusion and
conspiracy theories. Questioning of reality The combination of real-life historical events and fictional events without defining which one is real (factual) and which one is fictional. It blurs the line between reality and illusion.

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