Lesson 13: Postmodern Literature Qualities and ThemesPostmodern terms and definitions:TermDefinitionUnreliable narratorThe narrator is untrustworthy whose reliability iscompromised. The interpretation of the events that occurshould not be taken as the absolute truth (take it with a grainof salt). It typically occurs in the first-person narration,underlining the objectives behind the communication(presentation) of a story. Human experience isambiguousStimulation replaces real-life events; individuals have toomuch knowledge/information, where technology is aprimary focus. The reader typically has a harder timeunderstanding/differentiating the real from the simulations.It depicts a world that is unstable, constantly contradicting(internally), indecisive, undetermined, – focusing on a visionof a fragmented, absurd world.Black comedyA genre of comedy that deals with serious/disturbing topicsin a humorous manner, a typical method in facing cruelty inthis century.Dark humour A comic style that utilizes irony to make light of taboo topicsthat many people shy away from in the 21stcentury.IntertextualityThe interconnection between similar works of literature thatinfluence the audience’s interpretation, shaping a text’smeaning through another text. The acknowledgment ofprevious works of literature within other works. One of theintertextual figures is pastiche, which is combining two ormore elements of other works of art, film, music, andliterature to create something new.Sense of paranoiaThe belief that there is a commandment (order system)behind the absurdity (chaos) of the world, lies on both sides(typically blurring) of the line between delusion and
conspiracy theories.Questioning ofrealityThe combination of real-life historical events and fictionalevents without defining which one is real (factual) and whichone is fictional. It blurs the line between reality and illusion.