1-22-08 - January 22, 2008 The "New South"- the gilded age,...

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January 22, 2008 The “New South”- the gilded age, end of reconstruction to 1900 (will cover this in the south and west this week, next week same period of time in the north, the week after from perspective of domestic politics and international affairs: rise to a world power). South and west more related since they are both very agriculturally based and rural, the north was more industrialized, more urban. 1. Grady’s Vision - editor of Atlanta constitution, one of the most important newspaper circulating. Henry Grady’s opinion influenced the south. Grady was part of a group that said the south has an opportunity to change its past, to create a new destiny. His vision was ambitious, the rest of the lecture covers what actually happened. a. His vision was that in the aftermath, the south could diversify its economy. Agriculture + Industry b. Economy – i. Industry – 1. the south had lost the war because the south didn’t have enough industry to come close to competing with northern production (of clothes, weapons etc.). 2. South’s manufacturing and industry must be developed. ii. Agriculture 1. Grady hoped that the kind of agriculture practiced would change. 2. Hoped that the south could get away from plantation style, get more like north with smaller family farms. 3. Wanted to move away from cash crops, cotton tobacco and rice tip and then the economy plummets. 4. Pushed to grow wheat corn soybeans, in general diversify and more family style. c. Social changes- i. wants a south with more cities, it was the least urban region of the country. ii. At least needs banks, warehouses, advertising, otherwise manufacturing has no hope. iii. Wanted a south with a thriving middle class, with industrialists and businessmen in the region. iv. Hoped the south would develop a more enlightened political structure that could “bury the bloody flag ” and make friends with northerners. The south doesn’t have money at the end of the civil war, and without making ties with the north they had no hope. v. Northern businessmen and banks could support change. d. Political changes i. The reality white democrats that took control politically = Redeemers ”. Redeemers - had recaptured the political system from the black republicans, had redeemed southern state government.
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1. “Redeemer” Principles a. Laissez-faire- something like “hands off” i. wanted the government not to interfere so much with social policy 1. like telling blacks and whites to integrate, or even fund public schools/railroads. ii. Very limited government, mostly there just to help the large land owners. iii. Should not legislate social action. iv. First thing they did was try to change republican changes that had passed with republicans in office, who had passed taxes. v.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HI 252 taught by Professor Pruden during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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1-22-08 - January 22, 2008 The "New South"- the gilded age,...

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