1-22-08 - The"New South the gilded age end of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
January 22, 2008 The “New South”- the gilded age, end of reconstruction to 1900 (will cover this in the south and west this week, next week same period of time in the north, the week after from perspective of domestic politics and international affairs: rise to a world power). South and west more related since they are both very agriculturally based and rural, the north was more industrialized, more urban. 1. Grady’s Vision - editor of Atlanta constitution, one of the most important newspaper circulating. Henry Grady’s opinion influenced the south. Grady was part of a group that said the south has an opportunity to change its past, to create a new destiny. His vision was ambitious, the rest of the lecture covers what actually happened. a. His vision was that in the aftermath, the south could diversify its economy. Agriculture + Industry b. Economy – i. Industry – 1. the south had lost the war because the south didn’t have enough industry to come close to competing with northern production (of clothes, weapons etc.). 2. South’s manufacturing and industry must be developed. ii. Agriculture 1. Grady hoped that the kind of agriculture practiced would change. 2. Hoped that the south could get away from plantation style, get more like north with smaller family farms. 3. Wanted to move away from cash crops, cotton tobacco and rice tip and then the economy plummets. 4. Pushed to grow wheat corn soybeans, in general diversify and more family style. c. Social changes- i. wants a south with more cities, it was the least urban region of the country. ii. At least needs banks, warehouses, advertising, otherwise manufacturing has no hope. iii. Wanted a south with a thriving middle class, with industrialists and businessmen in the region. iv. Hoped the south would develop a more enlightened political structure that could “bury the bloody flag ” and make friends with northerners. The south doesn’t have money at the end of the civil war, and without making ties with the north they had no hope. v. Northern businessmen and banks could support change. d. Political changes i. The reality white democrats that took control politically = Redeemers ”. Redeemers - had recaptured the political system from the black republicans, had redeemed southern state government.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. “Redeemer” Principles a. Laissez-faire- something like “hands off” i. wanted the government not to interfere so much with social policy 1. like telling blacks and whites to integrate, or even fund public schools/railroads. ii. Very limited government, mostly there just to help the large land owners. iii. Should not legislate social action. iv. First thing they did was try to change republican changes that had passed with republicans in office, who had passed taxes. v. A set of new constitutions removed power from state legislation, slashed funding for public schools. (12% of the white population was illiterate, blacks was close to 50%), under republican 10.** per pupil, by 1885 it was a little less then 6.** per pupil.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern