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Unformatted text preview: Progressivism- 1898 1899, usually associated with 1900 through Roosevelt, typically ends ~1920, but again can extend later. Roughly 1900-1920. First half of class, what happens on the domestic front, then break, then WWI through lens of progressivism. Progressive capital P is progressive party, lower case p is just progressive ideals. 1. Who were they a. Build on social gospel movement, build on women’s suffragists, difference is they succeed. Pushing their ideas when the public is more receptive, tired of industrial greed, tired of the guilded age. b. Willing to let government be stronger if it means more equal treatment for all Americans. c. By 1900 there is an even larger and more powerful middle class. Progressives appeal to the middle class and count on the middle class to spread their cause. d. Middle class is more educated then ever before, more and more are going on for professional degrees, in the urban centers (esp NE), growth of industry means more managers and middle class. Wives and daughters educated. e. Very few progressives come from industrial elite i. few own the large corporations, few come from urban labor, not working for 75c a day. ii. Most part leading progressives are middle class, aware of being in middle. f. Determined to bring about social justice, want best for all of society. g. Middle class is afraid of lower class rising up in rebellion. i. Lower class wouldn’t differentiate between middle and upper class (they think). h. Progressives are overwhelmingly city people want to improve urban life, want to fix industrial problems, not a country problem. i. Progressives are old stock Americans, born & raised, some exceptions, but for the most part, native born. j. Principles- i. Change - united by belief they can make a change. ii. Accept US- They accept the American system, the key aspects of the US in 1900: 1. US is Capitalists system, industrial power, accept corporations. 2. Key difference, there are problems that need to be fixed, a. keep industrialization but don’t make it so harsh, keep cities but make them attractive, keep free enterprise but make more able for small business. Need a social welfare net for those coming to US, something to help them learn English etc. iii. Idealistic 1. believe human nature is good, they can improve, they want to improve. 2. Society can be fixed and improved. iv. Realistic 1. don’t believe everything is perfect, can look at other side of US 2. willing to count trash heaps and dead animals. v. Forward thinking 1. believe in science, want the facts, can use the facts later to figure out the issue. Count, gather real data. vi. Government 1. was important and believed in it helping. 2. Ideally we’d like to solve problems individually, but realistically we need a heavier hand sometimes....
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HI 252 taught by Professor Pruden during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.
- Spring '08
- The Jungle