American History 2020

American History 2020 - American History 2020...

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Unformatted text preview: American History 2020 Reconstruction • 1865-1877 • Putting the U.S back together after the civil war. o 11 States from the South • 1865, 13 th Amendment, abolishes slavery in the U.S. o 4 Million slaves set free. • Recon a chance for ex slaves to explore freedom. • What would you do? Freedmen’s Bureau • Created by Congress • March 3, 1865 • To assist Blacks in transition from slavery to freedom and to aid poor whites. • Primitive welfare agency • Headed Oliver Otis Howard. Contributions of Freedman’s Bureau • Provided food and clothing to blacks and whites. • Established hospitals. • Tried to establish new labor system in South between ex slaves and ex masters i.e. overseeing contracts. • Tried to help ex slaves acquire land. • Tried to ensure that Blacks got fair treatment in court. • Most significant; established schools for blacks. After Civil war 3 major thing unresolved: 1. What would happen to the ex-slaves? 2. What was the status of the CSA? (Confederate states of America) 3. Who would deal with Southern States and their leaders? Leads to 3 types of Reconstruction: • Presidential, Congressional and Radical. Presidential Reconstruction • Who was president of the U.S in 1865? • Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. • Lincoln’s plan for reconstruction, 10% plan • Proposed in 1863 • If 10% of Southerners who voted (adult white males 21+) in Election of 1860 took Oath of Allegiance to U.S; • If they abolished slavery, would be back in union and could set up state governments. • Oath didn’t apply to high-ranking confederate leaders. • Many reps in Congress thought Lincoln being too generous. Wade-Davis Bill • 1864 • Proposed by reps in congress in response to 10% plan • If 50% of Southerners took Oath to U.S. then a State convention could be called • Convention had to: 1. Abolish Slavery 2. Outlaw/ repudiate Confederate debts 3. Disenfranchise high ranking Confederate leaders • Then each State could draw up new constitutions and after accepted by majority at polls, they could enter union Republicans • By 1864 Republicans in Congress divided between Radicals and Moderates. • Radicals wanted to punish the south o Sumner and Stevens • Wanted fair treatment and equality from Freedmen. • Moderates, had majority in Congress, wanted southern states back in the union ASAP, but on congress’s terms and not the presidents. • Lincoln pocket vetoes Wade-Davis Bill (refuses to sign) • Why? • Too harsh • April 14, 1865 Lincoln assassinated by John Wilkes Booth and succeeded by VP Andrew Johnson. • Radical Republicans hoped Johnson would share their views. Andrew Johnson • From Tennessee • Picked as VP to balance the ticket • A democrat, Southerner, slave owner • Hated aristocrats • Believed middle class white men should manage South and not wealthy planters....
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course HIST 2020 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '05 term at Virginia Tech.

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American History 2020 - American History 2020...

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