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Module 5 Quiz Items (v2), Online General PsychologyLEARNING1.Define learning.Learning is the process of acquiring, through experience, new are relatively enduring information or behaviors. In simpler terms, learning is what lets us understand new things and be adaptable. As we learn, we begin to be able to handle more complex situations. Leaning enables us to be the dominant species innature2.Describe the classical conditioningprocedure using the terms: unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, neutral stimulus, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response.A type of associate learning discovered by Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning occurs when an innate response known as the unconditional response is triggered by a neutral stimulus as a result of repeated pairings of the neutral stimulus with an unconditional stimulus. The UCS is a stimulus that would naturally trigger the reflexive response without a conditioning procedure. 3.What is the nature of operant conditioning? Explain the difference between reinforcementand punishment. Explain the difference between positive reinforcementand negative reinforcement.The term, operant conditioning, can be defined as a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by apunisher. In other terms, this is the type of learning in which you are rewarded for completing the correct task, or punished if you don’t. A good example of this could be training a puppy for instance. When you first get a puppy, it does not know that it can’t use the bathroom inside. So, when it does, you punish it. Although, when it goes outside to use the bathroom, you reward it with treats and pats on the head. This makes the puppy form an association between using the bathroom inside and punishment, as well as an association between going outside and a reward. Reinforcement is the process in which behaviors are increased through rewarding, while as punishment is the complete opposite. When punishment is used, behaviors are diminished. Positive reinforcement can be defined as a stimulus, that when presented after a response strengthens it. Negative reinforcement can be described as any stimulus that, when removed after a response strengthens is. Unlike what most people think, negative reinforcement is NOT the same thing as punishment. Negative reinforcement is when something annoying or bad is happening, you have a response to try and stop it. When that stimulus actually stops, you want to do the thing that stopped it even more. The video used the example of the noise your car makes when you seatbelt is not fastened. The sound is extremely annoying, but it won’t stop until you buckle your seatbelt.
4.What is extinction in both classical and operant conditioning? What type of reinforcement schedule leads to the fastest rate of extinction?