isworkassociated.pdf - Original Article Is...

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© 2019 Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 511 Introduction Occupational stress results in decreasing the efficiency and increasing the occupational hazards inside and outside the work environment. [1] According to some estimates, job stress has been the main factor in 70% of absenteeism cases and nearly wasting of 10% of the country’s gross domestic product. [2] The word stress is derived from the Latin word “stringi,” which means “to be drawn tight.” Stress can be defined as any factor that threatens the health of the body or has an adverse effect on its functioning such as injury, disease, or worry. According to Randy and David (2008) “Stress is the subjective feeling produced by events that are uncontrollable or threatening.” Constant stress brings about changes in the balance of hormones in the body which may lead to thoughts that make us feel frustrated, angry, nervous, or anxious. [3] Work stress in nursing was first assessed in 1960 when Menzies [4] identified four sources of anxiety among nurses: patient care, decision making, taking responsibility, and change. The nurse’s role has long been regarded as stress‑filled based upon the physical labor, human suffering, work hours, staffing, and interpersonal relationships that are central to the work nurses do. Since the mid-1980s, however, nurses’ work stress has be escalating due to the increasing use of technology, continuing rises in health care costs, [5] and turbulence within the work environment. [6] Is work‑associated stress converted into psychological distress among the staff nurses: A hospital‑based study Anuradha Davey 1 , Parul Sharma 2 , Sanjeev Davey 3 , Arvind Shukla 1 1 Department of Community Medicine, Subharti Medical College, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut, 3 Department of Community Medicine, Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, 2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. D Y patil Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India A BSTRACT Introduction: “Stress is the subjective feeling produced by events that are uncontrollable.” Constant stress brings about changes in the balance of hormones in the body which may lead to thoughts that make us feel frustrated, angry, nervous, anxious, etc., The aims of the study are (1) to find out the level of stress among staff nurses; (2) the association between sociodemographic determinants and working environment and stress; and (3) impact on their mental well‑being in terms of somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction, severe depression, and on work productivity. Materials and Methods: Institutional‑based cross‑sectional study; total sample size comprised 100 staff nurses. Data were collected using a two‑part questionnaire: Part I: socio demographic variables and working envioronment, Part II: Goldberg and Hillier’s 28‑item scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ‑28) used to measure the psychological aspect of quality of life of staff nurses. Results:
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  • Fall '18
  • Nursing, Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Dr. Anuradha Davey

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