partofthejob.pdf - 164 AprilYJune 2014 Part of the job The...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 10 pages.

Part of the job: The role of physical work conditions in the nurse turnover process James M. Vardaman Paul T. Cornell David G. Allen Maria B. Gondo Ivan S. Muslin Robin N. Mobley Meagan E. Brock Tracy L. Sigmon Background: Retention of nursing staff remains an important issue for health care managers. Turnover research has focused primarily on motivational and social factors as keys to retention, whereas the role of the physical work conditions has received considerably less attention. However, work design theory suggests that physical work conditions may be an important factor in fostering retention among nursing staff. Purpose: The aim of this study was to integrate work design theory with turnover process models to explore the influence of perceptions of physical work conditions on the development of turnover intentions among nursing staff. Methods: Drawing on two samples of registered nurses working in cancer units in metropolitan hospitals in the southeastern United States, this study explores the impact of perceptions of physical work conditions on turnover intentions using ordinary least squares regression. Hypotheses are tested in Study 1 and replicated in Study 2. A measure of perceptions of physical work conditions is also developed and validated using exploratory (Study 1) and confirmatory (Study 2) factor analyses. Findings: Perceptions of physical work conditions explain variance in turnover intentions above than that explained by motivational and social factors. Specifically, employee perceptions of noisy work conditions are found to significantly increase turnover intentions, whereas perceptions that work conditions facilitate tasks were found to significantly reduce turnover intentions. Perceptions of temperature and health hazard did not show significant effects. Practice Implications: Results suggest that health care managers and scholars should re-examine the role of physical work conditions in the turnover process. Investments in upgrades that facilitate tasks may foster retention better than Key words: job design, nursing, turnover intentions, turnover process, work conditions JamesM.Vardaman,PhD, isAssistantProfessorofManagement,CollegeofBusiness,MississippiStateUniversity.E-mail:[email protected] Paul T. Cornell, PhD, is President, HealthCare Practice Transformation, Dallas, Texas. E-mail: [email protected] David G. Allen, PhD, is Professor of Management, Fogelman College of Business & Economics, University of Memphis. E-mail: [email protected] Maria B. Gondo, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Policy and Planning, Anderson School of Management, University of New Mexico. E-mail: [email protected] Ivan S. Muslin, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Management, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia. E-mail: [email protected]
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Fall '18
  • Nursing, Occupational safety and health, Wolters Kluwer Health, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern