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Death Penalty major

Death Penalty major - Name Kim Jalm Date June 7 2006 Class...

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Name: Kim Jalm Date: June 7, 2006 Class: PHI-1103 11-12:30 Word Count: 1297 Paper Number: 3 Title: Death Penalty 1. Introduction and Thesis Justice is synonymous with righteousness and fairness. The death penalty may not be righteous, per se, but it is fair in certain circumstances. The death penalty has been around ever since the times of Socrates. He was condemned to die by drinking poison. The United States federal death penalty was first used on June 25, 1790, when Thomas Bird was hanged for murder in Maine. The federal government has utilized hanging, electrocution, and the gas chamber to execute prisoners. The majority of inmates were executed for murder or crimes resulting in murder, but convictions for piracy, rape, rioting, kidnapping, and spying and espionage also yielded federal executions. This paper argues that the death penalty should only be used in certain circumstances where the punishment fits the crime. 2. Argument and Explanation Reason 1: People “pay” for their crimes with their own deaths. In the olden times, there was a saying of “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”. We take this saying lightly into consideration, especially in the events of a murder. Most murderers, who commit those heinous crimes, often pay for their sins by being put to death. In this case, they deserve to be put on death row, for they have taken the life of an innocent person, and in turn should lose their own life as a consequence. Reason 2: States that have abolished the death penalty have lower homicide rates than those that still execute prisoners. During the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48% - 101% higher than in states without the death penalty. The death penalty does not deter violence, although it is thought to influence the decrease in crime.
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