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AUGUST 18th, 2016PAOLA PRADOHIS 101-002 THE BATTLEOF KADESH
1 PradoThe battle of Kadesh, is known to be the earliest and one of the best documented battles of the ancient history from which true military strategies are known. “It was probably the largest chariot battle ever fought, involving perhaps 5,000–6,000 chariots.”1Generally dated to 1274 BCE, the battle of Kadesh took place at the city of Kadesh, an ancient city of the Levant, located near the headwaters of the Orontes River in modern Syria, place where the forces of the EgyptianEmpire under Ramesses II and the Hittite Empire under Muwatalli II finally clashed.For the first time in history there was sufficient historical evidence that survived from both sides. However, in order to fully understand, it is important to learn background informationabout the two armies involved in this battle, and some of the battles most significant componentssuch as the causes that lead to this event, the treaty that brought an end to the battle between these two adversaries, and finally the overall results. Ramesses ll also known as Ramesses the Great, was a pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. He was around thirty years old when he became king of Egypt, and then governed for 67 years. Fighting numerous battles, Ramesses was able to expand the Egyptian empire and became notorious for his military strength. This pharaoh also had a religious impact on the Egyptian people which worshiped him as a God. On the other hand, Muwatalli II was a King of the New kingdom of the Hittite empire. He was believed to be on his thirties when he fought against Ramesses at the battle of Kadesh. “During his protracted military operations in Syria, Muwatalli, transferred his capital from Hattusas to the more southerly city of Dattassa.”21Battle of Kadesh. Wikipedia. Accessed August 15, 2016. .2Encyclopædia Britannica Online, s. v. Muwatallis, accessed August 11, 2016, .
2 PradoThere have been many causes for which battles were fought throughout history. The battle of Kadesh has its own set of causes that led to this clash between the Egyptian and the Hittites forces. Both were known as the most powerful empires in the region with a desire to control the Levant because of its valuable trade routes, port access, and natural resources.