Mia Ha - Writing Assignment 1 .docx

Mia Ha - Writing Assignment 1 .docx - Mia Ha Professor...

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Mia Ha Professor Lamka Professor Christina Tapia ECON 408 April 24, 2019 Writing Assignment 1 According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, more than 130 people in the United States die after overdosing on opioids. Opioids are known as a class of drugs that include heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone (OxyContin®), hydrocodone (Vicodin®), codeine, morphine, and many others. Undoubtedly, Opioids are very additive. After the Opioid-Induced Constipation (OIC) ad ran during the Super Bowl event in 2014, the use of Opioid has already killed 28,648 people. The misuse of Opioids is a serious national crisis that affects public health, social, and economic welfare. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated the total economic burden of prescription opioid misuse in the United States is $78.5 billion a year. The financial loss included the costs of healthcare, productivity, addiction treatment, and criminal justice involvement. Problems caused by Opioids overuse lead to pharmaceutical companies like AstraZeneca and Daiichi Sankyo spending hundreds of millions of dollars to buy the rights to and to make and sell Movantik, a new drug to mitigate constipation caused by opioids and spending extra money to promote awareness of the condition. The market for drugs to mitigate opioid induced constipation is $500 million per year, but that for opioids is much larger. Between 1999 and 2016, when the Opioid-Induced Constipation (OIC) ad ran, prescriptions for opioids rose 300%, to 240 million prescriptions a year. Pain advocacy groups which received grant money from
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AstraZeneca issued a statement to dismiss the criticism and suggested that all painkiller abusers are addicts. People suffering from chronic pain but receiving money from the pharmaceutical company also defended the ad from criticism at the time and said the reason why doctors did not discuss opioid-induced constipation with patients was because the condition was embarrassing. Despite what has been said and done, the Opioid crisis has already caused a lot of damages and therefore, there should be a set of laws regarding the use of Opioid and the use of drugs mitigating constipation caused by opioids. The proposed laws are: Law #1: Doctors need to discuss the risk of using Opioids with patients and patients need to acknowledge their full understanding of the risk before getting Opioids prescriptions. Law #2. Patients can only get Opioids from prescription. Opioids cannot be sold to individuals without prescription and an existing medical record. Law #3. Pharmaceutical companies need to disclose Opioids ingredients and risks in their advertisements. Law #4. Pharmaceutical companies need to disclose drugs mitigating constipation caused by opioids ingredients and risks in their advertisements.
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  • Spring '17
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