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PSYCHOLOGY FINAL EXAM 1. Personality is an individual’s relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. 2. Freud’s theory, psychoanalysis refers to the treatment of psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret the tensions within a patient’s unconscious, using methods such as free association. 3. UNCONSCIOUS MIND In Freud’s theory, the unconscious is the repository of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, it is a level of information processing of which we are unaware. 4. In Freud’s theory, the id is the system of personality consisting of basic sexual and aggressive drives, that supplies psychic energy to personality. 5. In psychoanalytic theory, the ego is the conscious division of personality that attempts to mediate between the demands of the Id, the superego, and reality. 6. In Freud’s theory, the superego is the division of personality that contains the conscience and develops by incorporating the Perceived moral standards of society. 7. pleasure principle 8. Freud’s psychosexual stages are developmental periods children pass through during which the id’s pleasure-seeking energies are focused on different erogenous zones. a. During the oral stage, which lasts throughout the first 18 months of life, pleasure centers on activities of the mouth. b. The anal stage, lasting from 18 months to 3 years, shifts the source of gratification to bladder and bowel retention, elimination and control. c. During the phallic stage, from 3 to 6 years, the genitals become the pleasure zone. 9. According to Freud, boys in the phallic stage develop a collection of feelings, known as the Oedipus complex, that center on sexual attraction to the mother and resentment of the father. Some psychologists believe girls have a parallel Electra Complex. OEDIPUS/ELECTRA COMPLEX: according to Freud, a boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. 10. In Freud’s theory, defense mechanisms are the ego’s methods of unconsciously protecting itself against anxiety by distorting Reality. They are tactics that reduce or redirect anxiety by distorting reality. Repression: the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. Regression : an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated. Reaction formation : the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings. Projection : people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others. Rationalization:
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Fall '05 term at Indian Hills CC.

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