study guide for psych quiz 1

study guide for psych quiz 1 - 4. A hypothesis is a...

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4. A hypothesis is a testable prediction derived from a theory; testing the hypothesis helps scientists to test the theory. Example: In order to test his theory of why people conform, Solomon Asch formulated the testable hypothesis that an individual would be more likely to go along with the majority opinion of a large group than with that of a smaller group. 6. The case study is a descriptive research strategy in which one person is studied in great depth, often with the intention of discovering general principles. 10. A random sample is one that is representative because every member of the population has an equal chance of being included. 11. Naturalistic observation involves observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations, without trying to influence the situation. 10. A random sample is one that is representative because every member of the population has an equal chance of being included. 11. Naturalistic observation involves observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations, without trying to influence the situation. 2. The neuron, or nerve cell , is the basic building block of the nervous system. 3. The dendrites of a neuron are the extensions that receive incoming signals from other nerve cells and transmit them to the cell body. 4. The axon of a neuron is the extension that transmits impulses away from the cell body and to other nerve cells. 9. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that, when released into synaptic gaps, transmit neural messages from neuron to neuron. 30. An electroencephalogram (EEG) is an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity of the brain. Encephalo comes from a Greek word meaning “related to the brain.” 31. The CAT (computerized axial tomograph ) scan is a series of x-rays of the brain taken from different positions and analyzed by computer, creating an image that represents a slice through the brain. 32. The
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course ? ? taught by Professor ? during the Fall '05 term at Indian Hills CC.

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study guide for psych quiz 1 - 4. A hypothesis is a...

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