Chapter 29 (2019) (2).pptx - Chapter 29 Civil Rights and...

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Chapter 29: Civil Rights and Uncivil Liberties1947-1969
Brief Halt to Cold War1958--Eisenhower proposed a test ban to the new Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev had come to power following Stalin’s death in 1953. At first, the new Russian leader spoke of peaceful coexistence, or the idea that both the United States and the Soviet Union, despite their vast ideological differences, could co-exist in peace.Khrushchev showed support for the policy by attending peace conferences and visiting the United States in 1959.
SputnikHe also responded positively to Eisenhower’s call for a test ban and the two agreed to hold talks discussing arms limitations.Negotiations between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. became strained in 1958 when the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite, into orbit.
NASAIn an effort to surpass the Russians in the space race, Congress created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958. Receiving vast amounts of money from Congress, NASA began training astronauts for suborbital flights around the globe.In 1961, Alan B. Shepard, with his fifteen minute flight, became the first American to fly in space
John GlennIn 1962, John Glenn completed a five-hour flight around the Earth.President Kennedy challenged the United States to place a man on the moon by 1970, and in doing so initiated Project Apollo. On July 20, 1969, Neil A. Armstrong answered Kennedy’s call by becoming the first man to walk on the moon.
NASA and Tang 1966
Cold War ResumesIn 1960, Russians shot down an American U-2 spy plane over the Soviet Union. The event eliminated any chance for reconciliation between the Soviet Union and the United States. Initially, the United States denied any knowledge of the plane but was later forced to accept responsibility after the Soviets revealed the captured American pilot.Khrushchev immediately cancelled a planned meeting to discuss arms limits and the Cold War resumed.
Nixon
Kennedy Gets Elected in 1961
Nixon is sweating
Capitalist Poverty is good for CommunistsThe extravagance of the Eisenhower era had melted away to reveal another America, one in which millions of Americans failed to make ends meet every month. To combat such inequity, Kennedy supported measures such as the Area Redevelopment Act of 1961, which gave financial assistance to areas such as West Virginia, where poverty was rampant. In his 1961 inaugural address, he urged Americans to take responsibility for the world around them when he uttered the famous words, “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.”Programs such as the Peace Corps aimed at making young Americans into citizens of the world, and the popularity of such programs was high.
New FrontierRobert “Bobby” Kennedy as Attorney General, Kennedy immediately got to work on constructing his “New Frontier,”Designed to combat rising unemployment and inflation by increasing government spending

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