midterm i - Plato's Meno Gorgias accustoms Thessalians to...

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Plato’s Meno Gorgias: accustoms Thessalians to give bold and grand answers to any questions they are asked, as experts do. Socrates has never met anyone who knew what virtue was Meno gives many virtues: man, woman, child, elderly man, free man, slave Virtue: even if there are many virtues, they can all be explained by some one form No difference between strength/health – they are all the same everywhere Some virtues: generosity, courage, moderation, wisdom, etc. A shape is the limit of a solid Socrates says Meno is very bossy, partly because he is handsome and has many lovers Pindar said – for color is an effluvium of shapes which fits the sight and is perceived Meno says virtue is to desire beautiful things and to have the power to acquire them Meno refers to Socrates as a broad torpedo fish because the fish makes anyone who comes close and touches it to feel numb Socrates says a man cannot search either for what he knows or for what he does not know. Socrates says searching and learning are, as a whole, recollection Finding knowledge within oneself is recollection The man who does not know has within himself true opinions about the things that he does not know If the slave boy recollected the information, he cannot have done so in his present life, it must have been done in a previous life. Virtue is a kind of wisdom Mini - Overview The Meno discusses human virtue and whether or not it can be taught; whether it is shared by all human beings, and whether it is one quality or many. Socrates uses one of Meno’s slaves to demonstrate his idea that certain knowledge is innate and “recollected” by the soul through proper inquiry. Anytus gives a brief appearance. He is a member of a prominent Athenian family who participated in the prosecution of Socrates One of Meno’s errors is he lists many particular virtues without defining a common feature inherent to virtues which make them thus. “Meno makes many out of one” Meno proposes that virtue is the desire for good things and the power to get them. Second problem – many people do not recognize evil. Socrates asks Meno to consider whether good things must be acquired virtuously in order to be really good. Socrates leads onto the question of whether virtue is one thing or many. No satisfactory definition of virtue emerges in the Meno.
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Meno’s Paradox Meno asks Socrates how a person can look for something when he has no idea what it is. How can he know when he has arrived at the truth when he does not already know what the truth is? Socrates points out that by using this logic, man could neither search for what he does know, because he would already know it, nor for what he does not know, because he would not know for what he was looking. Plate discusses his own theory of knowledge through Socrates, that it is “recollection”
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midterm i - Plato's Meno Gorgias accustoms Thessalians to...

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