AMSCO Chapter 17 notes.pdf - THE LAST WEST AND NEW SOUTH 1865 – 1900 The West Settlement of the Last Frontier o The Mining Frontier � Discovery of

AMSCO Chapter 17 notes.pdf - THE LAST WEST AND NEW SOUTH...

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THE LAST WEST AND NEW SOUTH 1865 – 1900 - The West: Settlement of the Last Frontier o The Mining Frontier § Discovery of gold caused first rush of migration, rich strikes created boom towns, which were eventually abandoned once gold and silver ran out. Few become prosperous cities § Chinese Exclusion Act 1882– prohibited further immigration to the US by Chinese laborers. § Foreign Miner’s Tax - $20 a month had to be paid by all foreign-born miners o The Cattle Frontier § Overgrazing destroyed the grass and winter blizzard and drought killed 90% of the cattle. § Cattle ranching – vast open grasslands from Texas to Canada, 5M cattle roamed freely over the grasslands, easy to get into because the cattle and grass were free. § Arrival of homesteaders – used barbed wire fencing to cut off access to the open range. o The Farming Frontier § Homestead Act of 1862 promised 160 acres of public land free to any family that settled on it for a period of 5 years and promotion of railroads. 5x families moved there had to pay for their land and some lands ended up in possession of railroad companies and speculators. § Joseph McCoy built the first stockyard in Kansas to hold cattle destined for Chicago. § Problems and Solutions Homes made out of sod bricks Extreme hot and cold weather, grasshopper plagues, and lonesome life challenged even the most resourceful. 160 acres were not enough. Long spells of severe weather, falling prices for crops and cost of new machinery made 2/3 fail. “dry farming” and deep -plowing Learned to plant strains of Russian wheat Dams and irrigation o The Closing of the Frontier § Turner’s Frontier Thesis Frontier experience shaped the American economy by promoting independence and individualism and broke down class distinction, which would foster social and political democracy.
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