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jwstoutlines - 1 In as much detail as possible discuss the...

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1. In as much detail as possible, discuss the evidence that scholars have adduced in support of the “Documentary Hypothesis” (for the Pentateuch) During the early 20 th century, Julius Wellhausen came up with the documentary hypothesis to explain the repetitions and the different details in each book of the Pentateuch. She also realized that the writings reflected the views of the authors of the book. a. J source – Yahweh i. Vivid anthropomorphisms (walks, smells, etc) ii. Located in Judah territory (Judah important) iii. Moses’ father-in-law is Revel iv. Moses received the law of Mt. Sinai v. Themes 1. Promise to Abraham of Land, descendants, and blessings vi. Most complete source, full narrative b. E source – Elohim (until Yahweh is revealed to Moses) i. May have been combined with J – fragmented ii. Elohim is very remote, indirect iii. Moses’ father-in-law is Jethro iv. Moses received law on Mt. Horeb v. Emphasis on Prophets vi. Northern Israel – Ephraim c. D source – Deutronomic – on in Deutronomy i. Found in temple during King Josiah’s reign ii. Only connections with E 1. Mt. Horeb 2. Northern Israel 3. Emphasis on Prophets d. P source – Priestly i. Emphasis on rituals and religious observance (dietary laws, circumcision , etc) ii. Uses Elohim until revelation iii. Even more remote and transcendant than E source iv. Contains 3 covenants 1. Covenant with Noah 2. Covenant with Abraham like J and E 3. Covenant between God and Israel 2. In as much detail as possible, discuss the reasons some scholars have come to question the historical accuracy of the biblical accounts of the exodus. Every story in the bible has its questionability. Over the centuries that these stories and codes were passed down, they got exaggerated or maybe did not even happen. Either way, there are many examples of the Bible being historically inaccurate. a. Exodus i. No documentation
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ii. No dates/names of Pharaohs during Exodus iii. Exaggeration of the number of people (2 million?) 1. would have left mark on landscape 2. only 2 midwives (Shephrah and Puah) iv. Parting of the “Reed Sea” 1. Exaggeration = more dramatic v. No Israel but has Egyptian names b. Root of Civilization i. Why no evidence? ii. About 965 BC or 13 th century BCE 1. Before Merneptah’s campaign – mention in hymn 2. Ramses II – pharaoh of Exodus 3. Seti I – pharaoh who started Exodus (Ramses II father) iii. Armarna Letters – No talk of Israel c. Academic i. Difficult to see academic side ii. Is bible true or false? iii. Historical/archaeological issues 1. No Egyptians documentations (No Moses, Aaron, Plagues, etc) 2. Many scholars believe authentic, just edited 3. Time Period a. Couldn’t have been 965 because too early for Late Bronze Period b. Age too long to only be covered in Judges c. Egypt ran Canaan—but no Egyptian presence in Book 3. In as much detail as possible, discuss the historical problems raised by the accounts of the conquest of Canaan in Joshua.
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