20181106_211353.jpg - Genetics Cheat Sheet Mendel Why did Mendel use Garden Peas alot or traits There are many varieties with distinct heritable

20181106_211353.jpg - Genetics Cheat Sheet Mendel Why did...

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Unformatted text preview: Genetics Cheat Sheet Mendel Why did Mendel use Garden Peas" alot or traits There are many varieties with distinct heritable features, or characters (such as flower color, height, seed color) character variants (such as purple or white flowers) are called traits Mating of plants can be controlled Pea plants normally reproduce by selfing Can cross with another plant Cheap easy to Work w/ What are true-breeding organisms breed Same thing What is the P generation? Werent Can ( what ] you started w/) What is the Fi generation? Ha St Fillin Gen What is the Fo generation? A A Pa pa Pallid Gen What is a gene" Her dry unit locon Chromosome you see -doesnt prodec What is a dominant trait? What is a recessive trait? What makes a trait dominant or recessive? dont Se What are Mendel's two laws ist Depends or what's . Law of Equal Segregation-2 allett Segregation when supt apart they are god Law of Independent Assortment - Called earn pour orgate now the want Four concepts related to Mendel's work Concept 1: alternative versions of genes account for variations in inherited characters Concept 2: for each character, an organism inherits two alleles, one from each parent Concept 3: if two alleles at a locus differ, Dominant allele determines the organism's appearance Recessive allele, no noticeable effect on appearance Concept 4: the law of segregation Two alleles for a heritable character separate (segregate) during gamete formation and end up in different gametes (eggs or sperm) An egg or a sperm gets only one of the two alleles present in somatic cells Segregation of alleles corresponds to the distribution of homologous chromosomes to different gametes in meiosis What does it mean if an organism is homozygous?/Heterozygous? 2differand aller What is genotype? What is an organism's phenotype? What are the ratios that are important to know ? What do these ratios mean" - phenotype of off Why do we perform a testcross? What is a tester? What is a monohybrid? What is a dihybrid? Homo zygor reaissue 2 Traits...
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  • Winter '18
  • GeorgeR.Bousfield
  • Genetics

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