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Exam 2 Review Sheet 2008 --- Hoffman

Exam 2 Review Sheet 2008 --- Hoffman - 3 general effects...

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PSYC 2004 Review Sheet for Hoffman’s Half of Exam 2 Key Terms/Concepts --- Consciousness Definitions of consciousness, awareness, attention, and the cocktail party phenomenon Consciousness from a Freudian perspective Background --- who he was, who his patients were Id, ego, superego Unconscious, preconscious, conscious; the Iceberg Model; Freudian slips Sleep Why we sleep Circadian rhythms and the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) EEG activity; amplitude and frequency 5 stages of sleep --- what happens during each, when each occurs (the sleep cycle) Age changes and sleep Sleep disorders --- apnea, night terrors, etc. Detrimental effects of sleep deprivation; effects of alcohol on sleep Dreaming --- psychodynamic (Freud, Jung), cognitive (day residue), and physiological perspectives Hypnosis The ‘hidden observer’ What hypnosis is Misconceptions about it Meditation What meditation is, what mindfulness is Possible therapeutic benefits Psychotropic drugs
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Unformatted text preview: 3 general effects Categories --- depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens The mesolimbic pathway Specific examples --- LSD, peyote, DMT, and cocaine; what are the effects of each, and what neurotransmitter pathways does each affect Tolerance and withdrawal --- definitions, physiological mechanism involved, which of the drugs discussed are more/less likely to lead to tolerance, withdrawal, and addiction Physiological and psychological addiction (Fig. 6.17) Key Terms/Concepts --- Memory ♦ Memory as an ability, and a storage system ♦ Memory theory Encoding, storage, and retrieval Atkinson-Shiffrin Model ♦ Flexibility, limitations of memory Elaboration, imagery ‘Look, snap, connect’ Effects of diet (antioxidants, cholesterol) on memory and the brain Effects of stress on memory and the brain Inaccuracies in eyewitness testimony (work by Loftus, Kassin) Retrieval of autobiographical, and emotional, memories...
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