PCOM 4.pptx - General Purpose of Speaking \u2022 Purpose refers to why something exists how we make use of an object or why we do something \u2022 Aristotle a

PCOM 4.pptx - General Purpose of Speaking u2022 Purpose...

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General Purpose of Speaking Purpose- refers to why something exists, how we make use of an object, or why we do something. Aristotle, a Greek philosopher and scientist talked about 3 speech purposes: deliberative (political speech), forensic (courtroom speech), and epideictic (speech of praise or blame). Marcus Tullius Cicero, a Roman philosopher, talked about 3 specific speech purposes: judicial (courtroom speech), deliberative (political speech) and demonstrative (ceremonial speech). St. Augustine of Hippo wrote 3 specific purposes of speech: to educate (supply people with information), to delight (amuse people or show false ideas to people) and to sway (influence people or show false ideas to people).
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Three Common Intentions: ENTERTAIN Stories, Humor, Anecdotes PERSUADE Logic, Reason, Emotion, Call to Action INFORM Facts, figures, descriptions, data
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To Inform It concerns helping audience obtain information that they do not have. Subsequently, audience can use this information to comprehend or figure out something (example is a speech about a new technology or a new virus) or to carry out a new task or advance their skills (example is how to swing golf club, how to pull together a layer cake). The goal is to gain knowledge. O’Hair, Stewart and Rubenstein identified 6 general types of informative topics: objects, people, events, concepts, processes and issues.
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6 General Types of Informative Topics Objects- which can obtain how objects are designed, how they work and what they connote. Example- a student who gave a speech on the design of corsets, using a mannequin to show how corsets are put on women and the amount of force necessary to lace one up.
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