General Purpose of Speaking•Purpose- refers to why something exists, how we make use of an object, or why we do something.•Aristotle, a Greek philosopher and scientist talked about 3 speech purposes: deliberative (political speech), forensic (courtroom speech), and epideictic (speech of praise or blame).•Marcus Tullius Cicero, a Roman philosopher, talked about 3 specific speech purposes: judicial (courtroom speech), deliberative (political speech) and demonstrative (ceremonial speech).•St. Augustine of Hippo wrote 3 specific purposes of speech: to educate (supply people with information), to delight (amuse people or show false ideas to people) and to sway (influence people or show false ideas to people).
Three Common Intentions:ENTERTAINStories, Humor, AnecdotesPERSUADELogic, Reason, Emotion, Call to ActionINFORMFacts, figures, descriptions, data
To Inform•It concerns helping audience obtain information that they do not have. Subsequently, audience can use this information to comprehend or figure out something (example is a speech about a new technology or a new virus) or to carry out a new task or advance their skills (example is how to swing golf club, how to pull together a layer cake). The goal is to gain knowledge.•O’Hair, Stewart and Rubenstein identified 6 general types of informative topics: objects, people, events, concepts, processes and issues.
6 General Types of Informative Topics•Objects-which can obtain how objects are designed, how they work and what they connote.▫Example- a student who gave a speech on the design of corsets, using a mannequin to show how corsets are put on women and the amount of force necessary to lace one up.